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 Textual research on vegetarian culture: ancient sages and sages are vegetarian

   date:2020-09-18 18:50:48     read:49   

Textual research on vegetarian culture: ancient sages and sages are vegetarian


Zhuge Changqing: As long as you respect your parents, eat vegetarian food, release life, do good deeds, give food, recite Buddhist names, Taoist names and Buddhist scriptures, you will have a brilliant life!

----Zhuge Changqing

Since ancient times, wise sages and practitioners have been vegetarian. Such as Plato, Socrates, Pythagoras and Ampedocles, the wise men of ancient Greece. Pythagoras is known as the father of western vegetarianism. He advocated to eliminate meat and replace it with beans and other vegetarianism.

In India, Sakyamuni, the founder of Buddhism, strictly requires his disciples to be vegetarian. There are a lot of records about this in the Buddhist scriptures translated into Chinese. Monks or nuns in modern Chinese Buddhist monasteries still retain the tradition of vegetarianism. In addition, ancient Hinduism also prohibited eating meat. In the Vedic scripture, it is said: "Think carefully about where meat comes from, the cruel shackles and the slaughter of life, and let people abstain from eating meat" (Manusriti 5.49). So far, India is still one of the lowest meat consumption countries in the world.

In China, the ancestors of Taoism and Confucianism are vegetarians. In the early Taoist classics, there are many teachings about vegetarianism. For example, "Chuzhen Jie" records the five precepts of Laojun [Laojun is the honorific title of Laozi. - The author's note]], which says: "One should not kill animals, and the other should not eat meat or wine". In addition, in the twenty-seven precepts of Laojun in Volume 38 of "The Seven Signs of Cloud Collection", there is also a saying: "Don't eat anything with blood". There are still many pious Taoist monks who are still vegetarians. Confucius strictly required that disciples who entered the school to seek the Tao must fast [see Appendix 3: Correct the name of Confucius] before preaching.

It should be pointed out that in ancient times, people did not have strict scientific concepts for distinguishing animals from plants. If you name one by one, you may miss something. If you say not to eat pigs, then some people may eat cattle and sheep, while if you say not to eat pigs, nor cattle and sheep, then others will eat fish and birds. Therefore, the ancients sometimes referred to animal meat as "something with blood". There are similar records in many religious classics (including those in various languages). However, due to lack of understanding of the original meaning or negligence in translation, some people interpret it as "can't eat meat with blood", that is, "can't eat blood, but can eat meat", and think that "as long as the blood of animals is dried, it can...", which is obviously a misunderstanding. In fact, the blood in the meat cannot be 100% drained.

Early Christians and Jews were also vegetarians. The Bible also records clearly in some chapters: "God said, 'Look! I have given you the seeds of every kind of vegetation, which are scattered on the surface of the earth, all trees, and the fruit on them are your food!'" (Genesis 1:29). Obviously, God did not say, "Meat is also your food". In addition, in the Old Testament, there are many references to God not allowing people to eat meat, such as Genesis 9:4, Isaiah 1:11-15, 66:3, Leviticus 3:17, 17:10, 19:26, and Ezekiel 33:25. One of Jesus' great disciples, St. Paul, said in a letter to the Romans, "It is better not to eat meat" (Romans 14:21). Modern popular versions of the Bible have been approved by the government in history, and many versions of the Bible have been popular in history. Recently, historians have discovered some ancient books of the New Testament of the Bible, recording the life and speech of Jesus. In a certain passage, Jesus once said, "The flesh of wild animals that a man eats will become his own grave. I tell you the truth, the murderer will kill himself and eat the flesh of the killed animals, that is, the flesh of the dead." (Judaism Gospel of Peace). In addition, Essenes is one of the three major sects in the Palestinian area in the first century. Its Bible is the "Gospel of the Twelve Apostles" discovered in 1888, which records Jesus as a vegetarian.

The Koran, the Islamic Bible, also prohibits eating "dead animals, blood and meat..." (5:3) Mohammed's nephew, the first Islamic leader after Mohammed, once advised his disciples: "Don't make your stomach the tomb of animals." In addition, some Sufi mystics of Muslims also believe that people who pursue spiritual life should be vegetarian. Akbar, the Muslim emperor of India in the 16th century, recommended vegetarianism as a Sufi custom.

"My friends, don't let evil food contaminate your body... Only animals satisfy their appetite with meat. Not even all animals do this! Cattle, horses, sheep and so on live on grass."


"The man who buys meat uses his wealth to create violence, the man who eats meat uses his desire to create violence, and the butcher binds and kills animals, so there are three forms of slaughter."

The Vedas (Mahabharata, Anu. 115:40)

"The Buddha said: Those who eat meat break the seeds of compassion."

Buddhist Nirvana Sutra

Dahui, all those who kill animals are mostly eaten by people. If people do not eat, they will not kill. That is why eating meat and killing animals are the same sin. "

Buddhist "Lenga Sutra"

"All eggs (eggs) are not edible."

Buddhism "Manifestation Sutra"

"The old gentleman said:... abstain from eating meat. Don't worry about it. It contains blood, and is supported by vitality..."

Taoist "Lao Zi Hua Hu Jing"

"A gentleman is also to animals. He can't bear to see them live, can't bear to see them die, can't hear their voices, but can't bear to eat their meat."

Mencius's "Liang Hui Wang"

"But you must not eat animal meat and blood!"

Christian Bible (Genesis 9:4)

"People can't get meat without hurting creatures. A person who hurts sentient creatures will never be blessed. So avoid meat!"



  在印度,佛教的创始人释迦摩尼严格要求其弟子素食,对此,在翻译成中文的佛经中有大量的记述。现代中国佛教寺院中的和尚或尼姑都还保留着素食的传统。另外,古代的印度教也禁止吃肉。在吠陀经中是这样说的:“好好想想肉食是从何而来的,那残酷的脚镣和对生命的屠杀,让人们戒除吃肉吧”(Manusmriti 5.49)。至今为止,印度仍然是世界上肉食消费最低的几个国家之一。
  在中国,道教和儒家的先哲们都是素食者。在早期的道教经典中有许多关于要素食的教导。例如,《初真戒》中记载有老君[[老君即为老子的尊称。 — 作者注]]五戒,其中说:“一者不得杀生,二者不得荤酒”。此外,在《云笈七签》卷三八中的老君二十七戒中也有:“勿食含血之物”。现在还有很多虔诚的道教出家人仍然是素食者。孔子则严格要求入门求道的弟子必须先斋戒[[参见附录三:为孔子正名。 — 作者注]],然后才能传道。
  伊斯兰教的圣经《可兰经》也禁止吃“死的动物,血及肉 … ”(5:3)默罕默德的侄子,继默罕默德之后的第一位伊斯兰教领袖,曾劝告弟子们说:“不要使你自己的胃成为动物的坟墓。”另外,穆斯林的某些苏菲派神秘主义者也认为追求灵性生活的人应该素食。16世纪印度的穆斯林皇帝阿克巴就把素食视为一种苏菲派的习俗而加以推荐。
  “我的朋友们,不要让罪恶的食物玷污你们的身体 … 只有畜牲才用肉来满足自己的胃口。甚至不是所有的畜牲都这样啊!牛,马,羊等都靠吃草维生。”
   吠陀经(Mahabharata, Anu. 115:40)
  “老君曰: … 戒之不食肉,心当莫念,含血有形类,元气所养活 … ”

(This article is an original article by Zhuge Changqing, and the pictures are selected from the Internet. Welcome to forward it, and please indicate the source for forwarding)

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Selected Articles in Previous Periods

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1The wisdom of traditional Chinese culture changes the destiny: filial piety to parents+five in one+self-improvement


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4How to repent: the ritual of repentance and the method of repentance (full version)

4   如何忏悔:忏悔仪轨忏悔方法(完整版)

5How to read the Dizang Sutra: Methods for reciting Dizang Sutra (complete version)


6How to release? The ritual of releasing life


7Zhuge Changqing's Repentance Culture: A Case Study of Repentance Methods for Changing Destiny


8Free Life Culture: Free Life Culture in Ancient China


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That is to say, with this merit and virtue, we should solemnly observe the Buddha's net ten. Report four blessings and save three hardships. Those who wish to see and hear,Know and send Bodhi Heart. To live in a state of bliss

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