Textual research on vegetarian culture: ancient sages and sages are vegetarian
Zhuge Changqing: As long as you respect your parents, eat vegetarian food, release life, do good deeds, give food, recite Buddhist names, Taoist names and Buddhist scriptures, you will have a brilliant life!
Since ancient times, wise sages and practitioners have been vegetarian. Such as Plato, Socrates, Pythagoras and Ampedocles, the wise men of ancient Greece. Pythagoras is known as the father of western vegetarianism. He advocated to eliminate meat and replace it with beans and other vegetarianism.
In India, Sakyamuni, the founder of Buddhism, strictly requires his disciples to be vegetarian. There are a lot of records about this in the Buddhist scriptures translated into Chinese. Monks or nuns in modern Chinese Buddhist monasteries still retain the tradition of vegetarianism. In addition, ancient Hinduism also prohibited eating meat. In the Vedic scripture, it is said: "Think carefully about where meat comes from, the cruel shackles and the slaughter of life, and let people abstain from eating meat" (Manusriti 5.49). So far, India is still one of the lowest meat consumption countries in the world.
In China, the ancestors of Taoism and Confucianism are vegetarians. In the early Taoist classics, there are many teachings about vegetarianism. For example, "Chuzhen Jie" records the five precepts of Laojun [Laojun is the honorific title of Laozi. - The author's note]], which says: "One should not kill animals, and the other should not eat meat or wine". In addition, in the twenty-seven precepts of Laojun in Volume 38 of "The Seven Signs of Cloud Collection", there is also a saying: "Don't eat anything with blood". There are still many pious Taoist monks who are still vegetarians. Confucius strictly required that disciples who entered the school to seek the Tao must fast [see Appendix 3: Correct the name of Confucius] before preaching.
It should be pointed out that in ancient times, people did not have strict scientific concepts for distinguishing animals from plants. If you name one by one, you may miss something. If you say not to eat pigs, then some people may eat cattle and sheep, while if you say not to eat pigs, nor cattle and sheep, then others will eat fish and birds. Therefore, the ancients sometimes referred to animal meat as "something with blood". There are similar records in many religious classics (including those in various languages). However, due to lack of understanding of the original meaning or negligence in translation, some people interpret it as "can't eat meat with blood", that is, "can't eat blood, but can eat meat", and think that "as long as the blood of animals is dried, it can...", which is obviously a misunderstanding. In fact, the blood in the meat cannot be 100% drained.
Early Christians and Jews were also vegetarians. The Bible also records clearly in some chapters: "God said, 'Look! I have given you the seeds of every kind of vegetation, which are scattered on the surface of the earth, all trees, and the fruit on them are your food!'" (Genesis 1:29). Obviously, God did not say, "Meat is also your food". In addition, in the Old Testament, there are many references to God not allowing people to eat meat, such as Genesis 9:4, Isaiah 1:11-15, 66:3, Leviticus 3:17, 17:10, 19:26, and Ezekiel 33:25. One of Jesus' great disciples, St. Paul, said in a letter to the Romans, "It is better not to eat meat" (Romans 14:21). Modern popular versions of the Bible have been approved by the government in history, and many versions of the Bible have been popular in history. Recently, historians have discovered some ancient books of the New Testament of the Bible, recording the life and speech of Jesus. In a certain passage, Jesus once said, "The flesh of wild animals that a man eats will become his own grave. I tell you the truth, the murderer will kill himself and eat the flesh of the killed animals, that is, the flesh of the dead." (Judaism Gospel of Peace). In addition, Essenes is one of the three major sects in the Palestinian area in the first century. Its Bible is the "Gospel of the Twelve Apostles" discovered in 1888, which records Jesus as a vegetarian.
The Koran, the Islamic Bible, also prohibits eating "dead animals, blood and meat..." (5:3) Mohammed's nephew, the first Islamic leader after Mohammed, once advised his disciples: "Don't make your stomach the tomb of animals." In addition, some Sufi mystics of Muslims also believe that people who pursue spiritual life should be vegetarian. Akbar, the Muslim emperor of India in the 16th century, recommended vegetarianism as a Sufi custom.
"My friends, don't let evil food contaminate your body... Only animals satisfy their appetite with meat. Not even all animals do this! Cattle, horses, sheep and so on live on grass."
"The man who buys meat uses his wealth to create violence, the man who eats meat uses his desire to create violence, and the butcher binds and kills animals, so there are three forms of slaughter."
The Vedas (Mahabharata, Anu. 115:40)
"The Buddha said: Those who eat meat break the seeds of compassion."
Buddhist Nirvana Sutra
Dahui, all those who kill animals are mostly eaten by people. If people do not eat, they will not kill. That is why eating meat and killing animals are the same sin. "
Buddhist "Lenga Sutra"
"All eggs (eggs) are not edible."
Buddhism "Manifestation Sutra"
"The old gentleman said:... abstain from eating meat. Don't worry about it. It contains blood, and is supported by vitality..."
Taoist "Lao Zi Hua Hu Jing"
"A gentleman is also to animals. He can't bear to see them live, can't bear to see them die, can't hear their voices, but can't bear to eat their meat."
Mencius's "Liang Hui Wang"
"But you must not eat animal meat and blood!"
Christian Bible (Genesis 9:4)
"People can't get meat without hurting creatures. A person who hurts sentient creatures will never be blessed. So avoid meat!"
吠陀经（Mahabharata, Anu. 115:40）
“老君曰： … 戒之不食肉，心当莫念，含血有形类，元气所养活 … ”
(This article is an original article by Zhuge Changqing, and the pictures are selected from the Internet. Welcome to forward it, and please indicate the source for forwarding)
Introduction to Zhuge Changqing: Zhuge Changqing, the inheritor and promoter of traditional Chinese culture, is willing to "learn from sages, promote virtue, revitalize China and benefit the world" together with people with the same ideals in the world.
(Zhuge Changqing: firstname.lastname@example.org ）
Zhuge Changqing mailbox：
Zhuge Changqing's Chinese Dream
Learn from sages and carry forward virtue
Revitalizing China for the benefit of the world
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Selected Articles in Previous Periods
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1The wisdom of traditional Chinese culture changes the destiny: filial piety to parents+five in one+self-improvement
2Zhuge Changqing's Three Golden Keys to Changing Destiny
3Zhuge Changqing's Greeting Ritual (15 Steps Concise Version)
3 诸葛长青施食仪轨 （十五步简洁版）
4How to repent: the ritual of repentance and the method of repentance (full version)
5How to read the Dizang Sutra: Methods for reciting Dizang Sutra (complete version)
6How to release? The ritual of releasing life
7Zhuge Changqing's Repentance Culture: A Case Study of Repentance Methods for Changing Destiny
8Free Life Culture: Free Life Culture in Ancient China
9Shocking photo of feeding: Buddha, Bodhisattva and Dharma Protector come to the scene
10Feeding Rite Return: the return is changed to simple return