Mount Emei - the third of the four famous Buddhist mountains in China
Mount Emei is located in the city of Mount Emei, Sichuan Province, China, with a scenic area of 154 square kilometers, and the highest peak, Wanfo Peak, is 3099 meters above sea level. It is a famous tourist resort and Buddhist mountain; It is a national mountain scenic spot in China integrating natural scenery and Buddhist culture. It was listed in the World Natural and Cultural Heritage List on December 6, 1996.
Mount Emei is towering, beautiful, ancient and magical. It is famous for its beautiful natural scenery, long Buddhist culture, rich animal and plant resources, and unique geological landforms. It is known as the Paradise of Buddha, the Kingdom of Plants, the Animal Paradise, the Geological Museum and so on, and is known as the "beautiful scenery in the world" of Emei. Li Bai, a poet of the Tang Dynasty, said: "There are many fairy mountains in Shu, and Emei Miao is hard to match;"; Zhou Hongmo, a poet of the Ming Dynasty, said: "The beauty of the three Emeis is the best in the world. Why go to the sea to find Penglai?"; Guo Moruo, a contemporary literary giant, wrote that Mount Emei is a famous mountain in the world. From ancient times to modern times, Mount Emei has been a resort for people to worship the Buddha, visit sightseeing, scientific research and leisure and recuperation. For thousands of years, Mount Emei has been full of incense, tourists and charm. For thousands of years, Mount Emei has been full of incense, tourists and charm. Its main features are:
The beautiful natural scenery of Mount Emei is higher than the five mountains and the most beautiful in the world. It is majestic, beautiful and magnificent. It has always been said that there are four seasons in a mountain and different days in ten miles. Tang Zhongyue, a poet of the Qing Dynasty, summarized the beautiful scenery of Mount Emei into ten scenic spots: auspicious light at the top of the golden hill, moon night at the elephant pond, Jiulaoxian Mansion, Hongchun Xiaoyu, white water and autumn wind, clear sound at Shuangqiao, late snow at Daping, emerald green at Lingyan, clear clouds at Luofeng, and late planting at Shengji. Now people have constantly discovered and created many new landscapes, such as the Red Pearl embracing the green, Huxi Listening to the Spring, Longjiang Plank Path, Longmen Waterfall, Leidong Smoke and Cloud, connecting with the flying rainbow, lying cloud floating boat, and fir forest, all of which are fascinating. Into the mountains, there are many mountains and towering ancient trees. The road turns and the clouds break the bridge. The valley is deep and the sky is shining. Thousands of gullies fly and flow, and the sound of water ripples. The fairy birds sing and the colorful butterflies dance; Monkeys play, harp frogs play, and strange flowers pave the path. In spring, all things sprout and grow luxuriantly; In summer, flowers are blooming and colorful; Autumn is full of red leaves and colorful; In winter, it is snowy and snowy. Climbing on the Golden Summit has a very broad view and magnificent scenery. Watching the sunrise, the sea of clouds, the light of Buddha and the sunset makes you feel relaxed and happy; Overlooking the snowy peaks, Gongga Mountain and Wawu Mountain in the west, the mountains connect with the sky; Looking southward at the Ten Thousand Buddhas Peak, the clouds are rolling and magnificent; Looking down from the north, you can have a panoramic view of the Dadu River and Qingyi River. Standing at the top of Emei, I really have the feeling of seeing all the small mountains.
Mount Emei, a Buddhist temple with a long history, is one of the four Buddhist shrines in China. According to legend, Buddhism was introduced to Mount Emei in the first century AD. The development of Buddhism in the past 2000 years has left Mount Emei with rich Buddhist cultural heritage, created many eminent monks and great virtues, and made Mount Emei gradually become a Buddhist holy land with deep influence in China and even in the world. At present, there are about 300 monks and nuns in the whole mountain and nearly 30 temples, including Baoguo Temple, Fuhu Temple, Qingyin Pavilion, Hongchunping, Xianfeng Temple, Xixiangchi, Jinding Huazang Temple, Wannian Temple, etc. The Buddhist statues in the temple include clay sculptures, wood carvings, jade carvings, copper and iron castings, porcelain, and yarn removal, which are vivid in shape and exquisite in craftsmanship. For example, the bronze statue of the Universal Sage riding in Wannian Temple can be regarded as a unique one in the mountains, and it is a national level protected cultural relic. The bronze statue of Amitabha Buddha, the bronze statue of the Three-body Buddha, and the seven stripped Buddha statues in Baoguo Temple are all precious Buddhist statues. There are also palm-leaf scriptures, Huayan Copper Pagoda, Shengji Evening Bell, Jinding Copper Stele, and Puxian Gold Seal, all of which are precious Buddhist relics. The Buddhist music of Mount Emei is colorful and unique. As one of the three major schools of Chinese martial arts, Mount Emei is famous at home and abroad. These rich Buddhist cultural heritages are treasures in the treasure house of Chinese culture.
With abundant animal and plant resources, Mount Emei is evergreen all the year round, and is known as the ancient kingdom of plants. Due to the special terrain, abundant rainfall, diverse climate and complex soil structure, which create an excellent ecological environment for the growth and reproduction of various biological species, there are more than 3200 kinds of higher plants growing in the area of 154 square kilometers. Some people say that the number of plant species in Mount Emei is equal to the total number of plant species in Europe. Among the plants growing in Mount Emei are Davidia involucrata and Alsophila spinulosa, which are known as living fossil plants, and the famous Abies Emei, Zhennan and Hongchun; There are a wide variety of orchids, azaleas, and many valuable medicinal plants and bamboo forests. These plants clothe Mount Emei with beautiful colors and create a natural paradise for all kinds of animals. There are more than 2300 kinds of wild animals in Mount Emei, including rare giant pandas, black storks, red pandas, short tailed monkeys, silver pheasant chickens, dead leaf butterflies, harp frogs, giant worms with ringhair, etc. In particular, the monkeys in Mount Emei, which are not surprising and enjoy with others, have become a unique living landscape in Mount Emei and are famous at home and abroad.
Amazing Geological Museum The Yanshan movement at the end of the Mesozoic era in China's geological history laid the outline of the geological structure of Mount Emei. The Himalayan movement in the neotectonic period and the strong uplift of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau accompanied by it created the magnificent Mount Emei. Since the Precambrian, the strata of Mount Emei have been deposited in all ages except for the absence of Middle and Late Ordovician, Silurian, Devonian and Carboniferous sediments. Among them, a large number of biological fossils with typical sedimentary facies markers have been preserved, providing important geological data for the study of sedimentary facies, restoration of paleoenvironment, global biostratigraphy and biogeography, the study of the Precambrian-Cambrian boundary in the Maidiping section, the study of carbonate platform sedimentary facies, and the study of tidal flat sedimentary facies in the Middle and Lower Triassic Longmendong section, The Emeishan basalts from the late Permian basic magma have extremely important value in the study of continental rifting, the deep process of the upper mantle, and the evolution of the lithosphere, and have become the basis for geoscientific research by Chinese and foreign scholars. The unique geological characteristics of Mount Emei have created preconditions for the breeding and reproduction of various organisms and the formation of magnificent and beautiful natural landscapes.
On December 6, 1996, Mount Emei was listed in the World Natural and Cultural Heritage List by UNESCO.
悠久的佛教文化 峨嵋山为普贤菩萨道场，是我国四大佛教圣地之一。 相传佛教于公元1世纪即传入峨嵋山。近2000年的佛教发展历程，给峨嵋山留下了丰富的佛教文化遗产，造就了许多高僧大德，使峨嵋山逐步成为中国乃至世界影响甚深的佛教圣地。目前，全山共有僧尼约300人，寺庙近30座，其中著名的有报国寺、伏虎寺、清音阁、洪椿坪、仙峰寺、洗象池、金顶华藏寺、万年寺……等。寺庙中的佛教造像 有泥塑、木雕、玉刻、铜铁铸、瓷制、脱纱等，造型生动，工艺精湛。如万年寺的铜铸普贤骑象，堪称山中一绝，为国家一级保护文物，阿弥陀佛铜像，三身佛铜像，报国寺内的脱纱七佛等，均为珍贵的佛教造像。还有贝叶经、华严铜塔、圣积晚钟、金顶铜碑、普贤金印，均为珍贵的佛教文物。峨嵋山佛教音乐丰富多彩，独树一帜。峨嵋山武术作为中国武术三大流派之一享誉海内外。这些丰富的佛教文化遗产是中华民族文化宝库中的瑰宝。
(This article is an original article by Zhuge Changqing, and the pictures are selected from the Internet. Welcome to forward it, and please indicate the source for forwarding)
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5How to read the Dizang Sutra: Methods for reciting Dizang Sutra (complete version)
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