Mount Putuo, one of the four famous Buddhist mountains in China
Mount Putuo is one of the four famous Buddhist mountains in China, and also a famous island scenic resort. Such a beautiful island with so many cultural relics is unique in China. Mount Putuo, located about 100 nautical miles east of Hangzhou Bay in Zhejiang Province, is an island in the Zhoushan Islands. The island covers an area of 12 square kilometers and is in a narrow shape, with the longest length of 8.6 kilometers from the north to the south and the widest width of 3.5 kilometers from the east to the west. The highest point is Foding Mountain, about 300 meters above sea level.
Mount Putuo is the holy place where Guanyin Bodhisattva manifests. According to Buddhist historical records, during the middle age of the Tang Dynasty (847-859), an eminent Indian monk came here to pay homage, saw the Avalokitesvara Avalokitesvara and gave him seven-color gemstones, so it was called the "Holy Land of Avalokitesvara". In 858, the Japanese monk Huixing (Huie) invited the Avalokitesvara from Mount Wutai. When he returned home, he passed through Putuo. Several times he wanted to sail eastward by boat, which was blocked by the waves. The boat could not sail. Therefore, the statue of "not willing to go to the Avalokitesvara" was built at the seaside in the south corner of the east of Putuo. Since then, Mount Putuo has become the ashram of Guanyin Bodhisattva and started to build a Buddhist temple. Since then, it has been built in all dynasties. At the end of the Qing Dynasty, in addition to the three major temples, there were more than 70 nunneries and many thatched tents on Mount Putuo, which is known as the "Buddha Kingdom on the Sea and the Sky".
Mount Putuo not only wins by the magnificent sea and sky, but also by the profound mountains and forests. Climbing the mountain and looking out at the blue sea, the islands float on the sea, and the white sails are driving in it. The scenery is very moving. Predecessors have made such a high evaluation of Putuo Mountain: "If you win the mountain and the lake, you will push the West Lake; if you win the mountain and the sea, you will push Putuo." Comparing Putuo with the West Lake, a paradise on earth, it should be said that this evaluation is objective.
There are many scenic spots and tourist spots in Putuo Mountain, mainly including Puji, Fayu and Huiji, which are the largest of the more than 20 temples and nunneries preserved today. In addition, there are more than 30 famous temples, such as Purple Bamboo Forest and Refusal to Go to Guanyin Temple, and there is a Buddhist Academy. Three major temples:
Puji Temple is located at the foot of Lingjiu Peak in the south of Baihuading, also known as the former temple. It was expanded from "not willing to go to the Guanyin Temple" to the temple. It has been renamed "Wutai Yuanguang Temple" and "Baotuo Guanyin Temple". In the Ming Dynasty, the imperial court allocated funds for the construction of the Putuo Buddhist Temple, which was granted the amount of "protecting the country for a long life". In the Qing Dynasty, the imperial court gave money to rebuild the temple, and granted the amount of "Puji Qun Ling", which was later called the Puji Zen Academy. Puji Temple is the largest temple in Putuo Mountain, with a building area of about 11400 square meters. Its main buildings include the Heavenly King Hall, the Great Yuantong Hall, the Galan Hall, the Ancestor Hall, the Sutra Pavilion, the Eastern and Western Arhat Hall, the Dharma Hall, the Eastern and Western Zen Hall, the Guest Hall, the Yunshui Hall, the Baiyun Tower, the Deyue Tower, the Xiangji Tower, and so on. In 1983, Puji Temple was designated as the national key temple in the Han nationality region.
Fayu Temple is located at the foot of Guangxi Peak on the left of Baihuading. In front of the temple is the Haihui Bridge. It is the second largest temple on Mount Putuo and is known as the Back Temple. It covers an area of 33300 square meters and a building area of 8800 square meters. The whole temple is hidden in towering ancient trees. In the eighth year of the Wanli reign of the Ming Dynasty (1580), the Macheng monk Dazhi came to Putuo from Western Shu to worship the Buddha, and built a thatched house here to live, named "Haichao Nunnery". Later, it was changed to "Haichao Temple". In the 34th year of the Wanli reign of the Ming Dynasty (1606), the imperial court granted the name of "Huguo Zhenhai Zen Temple". In the 38th year of Emperor Kangxi's reign in the Qing Dynasty (1699), it was renamed "Fayu Temple" and has been used since. The main buildings of Fayu Temple are the Heavenly King Hall, the Jade Buddha Hall, the Kowloon Guanyin Hall, the Imperial Stele Hall, the Mahavira Hall, the Abbot Hall, etc. There is also a nursing home in the temple, where the elderly monks take care of themselves. In 1983, Fayu Temple was designated as the national key temple in the Han nationality region.
Ji Hui Temple
Huiji Temple is located on the right side of Baihuading, also known as Fodingshan Temple. It is the third largest temple in Putuo Mountain and the highest temple in the mountain, with an altitude of nearly 300 meters. It was originally named Huiji Temple and was founded in the early Ming Dynasty. In the fifty-eighth year of Qianlong's reign in the Qing Dynasty (1793), the monastery was expanded into a temple, named Huiji. The whole temple consists of Tianwang Hall, Mahavira Hall, Jade Emperor Hall, Great Compassion Hall, Sutra Pavilion and other buildings. In 1983, Huiji Temple was designated as a national key temple in the Han nationality region.
(This article is an original article by Zhuge Changqing, and the pictures are selected from the Internet. Welcome to forward it, and please indicate the source for forwarding)
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