Chinese Studies: What are the ten major propositions of Mohist thought in "Mohism Attack"?
After reading "Mohism", I became very interested in Mohism. Many of his thoughts are worth learning from today. In particular, Mozi's top ten propositions most admired by later generations are "universal love", "non attack", "upholding virtue", "upholding the same", "saving use", "saving burial", "non happiness", "non life", "celestial ambition", and "Ming ghost". The basic thought of Mohism is basically reflected in this film.
More than 2200 years ago, the land of China is still in the period of disputes among various countries and the struggle for hegemony. At this time, the powerful State of Zhao wanted to attack the State of Yan in one fell swoop, and the first condition to realize this plan was to attack the State of Liang sandwiched between Zhao and Yan. Thus, the General of the State of Zhao was ordered to lead a hundred thousand troops in the flooded alley, approaching Liangcheng, which only had more than 4000 women and civilians.
At the time of crisis, the king of Liang prayed to the Mohist school, known as the city keeper, for a garrison that could resist 100000 troops. But the king of Liang was waiting for Ge Li, an unattractive Mexican who fought alone. The story of Ge Li is shocking and thought-provoking
So we can't help admiring Mozi, the founder of Mohism.
Mozi (468-376 BC) is Zhai, a native of the State of Lu, a native of the Song Dynasty, the founder of the Mohist school, and a famous thinker and educator in the early Warring States period.
The Mohist school has a large number of people, upholds justice, is not afraid of difficulties and dangers, has a strict organization, has a strong religious color, and is called a prominent school together with Confucianism. The purpose of Mozi's theory is to save the world. It is to put forward the methods of correction, treatment and construction according to the function, function and will of the society, aiming at the ills and defects of the society. At the same time, it emphasizes that the idea of saving the world and the purpose of saving the world should be linked by participating in social activities
Mozi claimed to be a "bitch" and "despicable minister in the north", and was born poor. He used to build vehicles, wooden birds and other instruments, and was a skilled craftsman belonging to the handicraft class. Mozi was originally trained in the Confucian school founded by Confucius and was influenced by Confucianism, but Mozi, who came from the lower class of society, finally founded the Mohist school. Mohists believe in ghosts and gods, which is different from the philosophers' reasoning with myths and legends.
After Mozi founded the Mohist School, disciples and believers spread all over the world. The Mohist school is not only a large number of people, but also those who uphold justice, dare to act, do not fear difficulties and risks, and have the courage to sacrifice. Lu Jia said in his new phrase "Thinking": "Mozi has many brave men." A short sentence has vividly demonstrated the spirit of respecting chivalry and martial arts of the ideal personality of the Mohist school. The extraordinary ideal personality of the Mohist school is vividly displayed in the "Mo Attack". "Mozi can serve hundreds and eighty people, and can make them go through the fire and the sword, and die one after another".
The Mohist school has a strict organization, and its religious color is quite strong. After the establishment of the Mohism school, it has had a wide influence in the society. It can be balanced with the influence of Confucianism, so it is also called "Confucianism and Mohism Xianxue" (Han Feizi Xianxue). Mozi divided his ten major propositions into five categories, including political, economic, life, religious and moral perspectives. There was a complete system and formed a strict system. After Mozi's death, Mohism was divided into several schools. One of the works was Mohism, which developed Mozi's logical thought and was the main school of Mohism in the later period. Others promoted Mozi's religious thought and evolved into rangers. By the end of the Warring States Period, the Mohist school had declined, and there was no successor after the Han Dynasty.
"Mozi" has 71 original chapters, and now there are 53. Some are written by Mozi himself, some are written by disciples who record and collate Mozi's remarks, and some are written by Mohist scholars. Mozi was born in the early Warring States period, but it was written very late. Mozi's thoughts are mainly reflected in the ten articles "Shang Xian", "Shang Tong", "Universal Love", "Non-attack", "Jieyong", "Jiebu", "Tianzhi", "Ming Gui", "Feile" and "Feiming". The views discussed in each article are also Mozi's ten propositions.
Starting from reality is a major principle of Mozi. The thought of Mozi can be expressed as ten propositions. He is flexible in deciding according to the situation, for example:
If the country is in a state of confusion, the words are "respect for virtue" and "respect for the same";
If the country is poor, it means "saving money" and "saving burial";
If the country's sound is exquisite, the language is "non music" and "non life";
The country is obscene and disrespectful, which means "respecting the sky" and "dealing with ghosts";
In the words of "universal love" and "non attack", the national household usurps and invades.
(This article is an original article by Zhuge Changqing, and the pictures are selected from the Internet. Welcome to forward it, and please indicate the source for forwarding)
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