Jiang Taigong's thought of governing the country
Cultivate one's moral integrity, unify one's family, govern the country, and level the world
China · Winners Club http://q.blog.sina.com.cn/chgyzh
The oriental dragon gallops around the world!
Lu Shang (Jiang Taigong)'s strategy of political and political governance has far-reaching influence. He was not only the hero who initiated the Western Zhou Dynasty, but also assisted the elders of King Wen, King Wu, King Cheng and King Kang, accumulated rich experience in governing the country, and promoted the development and progress of society. His thought, theory and practice are extensive and profound.
1. The founder of strategy and the ancient martial saint
Jiang Taigong, as the founder of China's military strategy and the ancient military sage, has laid a good foundation for future generations and has been praised and emulated by the Chinese nation for his theories, strategies and techniques of literature and military strategy, managing the country and the army, and managing people and customs.
Sun Wu, the "Sage of War", and his "Art of War" are well known both at home and abroad. They can be regarded as the epitome of the art of war. Their military thoughts also have some reference to Tai Gong's strategy. For example, in Sun Tzu's Art of War - Xu Shi Chapter, there is a sentence that "follow the trend of the enemy, and follow the direction of the enemy", while in the book "Wen Tao - Military Doctrine", which reflects Jiang Taigong's military thoughts, there is a sentence that "the tactics of winning the war, closely observe the enemy's opportunity and quickly take advantage of its advantages, and recover the enemy's unwillingness"; In Sun Tzu's Art of War, "the general is wise, trustworthy, benevolent, brave and strict" is similar to the "five talents and ten mistakes" in "Six Towers, Long Tao, General", and "five talents are brave, intelligent, benevolent, trustworthy and loyal"; Sun Tzu's The Art of War - The Plan of the People's Republic of China said that "war is the great event of the country. The place of death and life, the way of survival and death, cannot be neglected.".
There are many works about Jiang Taigong's military thoughts, such as "Six Talismans", "Yin Fu Jing", "Taigong's Art of War", "Taigong's Golden Chamber", etc., but there are few extant works. The brilliance, profundity and value of his military strategy, war strategy, war tactics, military construction, war preparation and other thoughts lie in his comprehensiveness, creativity and pioneering spirit. He does not only talk about military affairs in terms of military affairs, but also discusses politics and military affairs, state administration and military management from the perspective of a wise politician and from the perspective of a philosopher's intelligence. This made his military strategy and strategy comprehensive, profound and penetrating, which was highly valued by philosophers, politicians and strategists of all ages and had a great impact. As a great military work in ancient China, "Six Tales" was listed as one of the "Seven Books of the Martial Arts" in the Song Dynasty. As a martial arts textbook, it became a compulsory military book for military generals. For more than 2000 years, like other "martial arts classics", "Six Towers" has been continuously annotated, explained, collated and expounded from the pre Qin to the modern times, digging out the profound meaning of its thoughts, absorbing the essence of its thoughts. It has been enduring and has become more and more prosperous, fully demonstrating its brilliant ideological value and immortal vitality. We should cherish this precious historical and cultural heritage and make it more brilliant in the new era.
2. Scheming thought
At the end of "Six Towers, Wen Tao, Wen Shi", there is a paragraph of Jiang Taigong's words: "Taigong said:" The world is not a world of one person, but the world of all people. Those who share the benefits of the world will gain the world. "This is Taigong's" conspiracy to cultivate morality to tilt commercial politics ", and the biggest and most fundamental strategic thought of destroying business and prospering the Zhou Dynasty. Because the greatest political strategy is to overthrow the Shang Dynasty and establish the Zhou Dynasty. The surprise acquisition and establishment of state power is the basis of military strategy. This idea has been repeatedly discussed in Fa Qi, Wen Qi, Shun Qi and other articles besides Wen Shi. After Tai Gong was granted the title of Qi and the establishment of the State of Qi, the fundamental policy he pursued was also the idea of "the world is not a world for one person, but a world for all". It can be seen that Jiang Taigong believed that the nature of human beings is to be happy with death, to be good with virtue, to be able to give people life and benefit is morality, and to be able to practice benevolence, justice and morality can make people in the world surrender. Therefore, the monarch should take the benefits of the world as the benefit, the harm of the world as the harm, the happiness of the world as the joy, and the life of the world as the task. Only by virtue of benevolence, justice and morality can people in the world share their interests, life and death, suffering and happiness, so as to win and consolidate the hearts of the people, and make all the people return and enjoy themselves. Based on this understanding, "Six Tao" emphasizes that the monarch should be benevolent and virtuous, and benefit the people, and should not tyrannize and abuse the people, and harm the people for their own sake,. Only in this way can the people help and support the monarch. This thought has also been implemented and realized in the practice of Qi. This is not available to all other military strategists. It can be seen that the above contents of the book "Liu Tao" are consistent with Jiang Taigong's military strategy.
3. Thought of loving the people
The way to love the people is to cultivate virtue and benefit the people and make them reconciled with each other. As Tai Gong said, "Respect the people and join their relatives. Respect the people and join them, and join their relatives, which is the discipline of benevolence and justice. No one can take your power away from you, because he is wise and obedient. Those who are obedient will take virtue, and those who are disobedient will take strength. Respect the people without doubt, and the world will be reconciled." That is to say, we should respect the public opinion, love the people, gather the clansmen, and conduct benevolence and justice, and will be supported and loved by the people. In this way, if the world is reconciled, we can defend the earth, consolidate the country and rule the world. Therefore, those who have the power to subdue the world do not have to be in charge of force and should not abuse the people. Instead, they should take benevolence and justice as the basis and cultivate morality and prohibit violence. This is the wisdom of Jiang Taigong and the Six Tales, which attach importance to the literary strategy rather than the military strategy, and take the management of the country and the military as a whole. He ruled the country and the people with benevolence and benevolence, and practiced benevolent politics, emphasizing education, and complying with folk customs. This fully shows that the starting point and destination of Jiang Taigong's administration are to love the people. "Liu Tao, Wen Tao, State Affairs" said: "Tai Gong said: 'Benefit without harm, success without defeat, life without killing, and without taking, but without suffering, joy without anger. Moreover, after the founding of Qi, Jiang Taigong really implemented the idea of "loving the people" into the practice of the founding of the country, which is the Qi's policy of enriching the people.
4. Conforming to the people
Jiang Taigong is well aware of the principle of "the people are the foundation of the country, the people are solid and the country is prosperous". Therefore, he strongly advocated the idea of people-oriented and benevolent government. Obedience to the people means "valuing the people" and "valuing the people". If the monarch, the ministers and the officials at all levels, instead of taking the people as the foundation and taking the civil affairs as the service, strip and maim the people, they will alienate the people, leave them and rebel against them. Through his personal experience of living among the people for a long time, Jiang Taigong has a deep understanding of the thought of putting the people first and the people first, and has established a strong people-oriented consciousness. So before he left the mountains and during the establishment and governance of the country, he always adhered to people-oriented, implemented benevolent policies, won the hearts of the people, and brought the hearts of the people back. On how to quiet and stabilize the world, Jiang Taigong pointed out that the world has its own rules of operation, and the people have their own daily life. If the monarch can live in peace with the people, the world will be quiet and the people will be stable. The best politics is to govern according to folk customs and conform to the hearts of the people, followed by propaganda and enlightenment, and feeling for the people. When the people are educated and influenced, they will obey the government order. Therefore, the people can grow and achieve everything without doing anything, and they can be rich without giving. This is the noble morality of governing the world by people, and the fundamental principle of doing nothing without doing anything.
5. The thought of advocating for excellence
The two chapters of "Shang Xian" and "Ju Xian" in "Liu Tao · Wen Tao" focus on Jiang Taigong's theory of governing the country by sages and sages and their ideological content. The so-called "virtuous" refers to people who respect and advocate morality and talent. Respect for virtue and merit is one of the main contents of Jiang Taigong's "national foundation". Jiang Taigong believed that, as a monarch to govern the country, we must respect the sages who have both virtue and ability, and curb the mediocrity who have no talent and no virtue; Appoint loyal and honest people, and remove dishonest and hypocritical people; Riots and extravagant customs are strictly prohibited. Therefore, Ming Jun should be alert to six kinds of bad things and seven kinds of bad people. The harm of six kinds of bad things is: "harm the king's virtue", "harm the king's power", "harm the king's power", "harm the king's power", "harm the minister of meritorious service", "harm the common people's business". There are seven kinds of bad people that should never be trusted, namely "don't use them as generals", "don't plot with them", "don't approach them", "don't spoil them", "don't use them", "forbid them", and "stop them". This blocks the way for bad people to do bad things, endanger the country and harm the people.
Jiang Taigong pointed out that we should select talents according to the requirements of the division of functions of officials at all levels, and then evaluate officials according to the conditions of each official position, identify their talents, assess their abilities, and evaluate their political achievements to make them equal in name and reality. Therefore, we must adhere to the standard of selecting and appointing talents. With regard to the criteria for selecting and appointing talents, Jiang Taigong put forward "six standards", namely, benevolence, righteousness, loyalty, faith, courage and resourcefulness. Those who meet these six standards are sages. Jiang Taigong also believed that the country belongs to the superior and the superior, which aims to appoint and use the superior. If the superior and the superior are not appointed and used, it is only the name of the superior and the superior and the superior are useless. This kind of nominally superior and the superior will not get its merit and save its chaos. On the contrary, it will make the world more chaotic, and even cause the national crisis. Therefore, the superior, the superior, the superior, the superior and the superior should be worthy of its name, the name should be true, and the name should be consistent with the reality.
"Liu Tao, Wen Tao, Shang Xian" said: "Tai Gong said: 'Those who win a good general will strengthen the country and prosper, and those who do not win a good general will perish.'" The idea of raising the level of merit was officially included in one of the founding policies after Jiang Tai Gong established the State of Qi, that is, "to raise the level of merit while serving the country".
6. Six guards and three treasures
Jiang Taigong's idea of financial management and economic development is comprehensive, thoughtful, incisive and profound. According to "Six Towers, Literary Towers, Six Guardians", Tai Gong said, "A man has six guards and three treasures." The six guards are benevolence, righteousness, loyalty, faith, courage and strategy. Three treasures: big agriculture, big industry and big business. When the farmer is in his hometown, the valley is full; If one works in his hometown, the tools are sufficient, and if one works in his hometown, the goods are sufficient. Each of the three treasures has its own place, and the people are not worried. There will be no chaos in their villages and ethnic groups. No minister is richer than the king, nor is he greater than the country. Six guards lead to group prosperity; When the three treasures are completed, the country is safe. After the founding of Qi, these three treasures were also included in the founding of the People's Republic of China, that is, "to open the business of commerce and industry, to benefit fish and salt". Agriculture, industry and commerce developed at the same time, and the focus was on the development of industry and commerce. Therefore, later Qi developed into a rich and powerful country.
Jiang Taigong put forward his monetary policy on the basis of "paying equal attention to the three treasures", "combining benefits at the beginning and the end", "making full use of both the top and the bottom", and opening up financial resources, to ensure the normal circulation of financial goods, the normal payment of taxes, and promote economic development and market prosperity. This economic and monetary policy of opening up sources and reducing costs is actually the best policy for national economic development. Jiang Taigong is well aware of the importance of agriculture, industry and commerce to the national economy and people's livelihood. The country is unstable without agriculture and food, the country is not rich without work and tools, and the country is not rich without business and goods. Therefore, we should pay equal attention to agriculture, industry and commerce, and coordinate development, so that the people can have jobs, clothing and food are warm, appliances are sufficient, wealth and goods flow, and finance is abundant. Jiang Taigong's "Three Treasures" thought is not only the basic principle and policy of the economic development of the Zhou Dynasty, but also the political and material foundation for the strength of the Qi State. This guiding ideology of economic development continues to the world today.
7. Jiufu Round Method
Jiang Taigong's monetary policy is mainly the Jiufu won law he formulated. The so-called "Nine Mansions Round Law", according to Yan Shigu's Note, "Zhou Guan's Big Mansion, Jade Mansion, Inner Mansion, Outer Mansion, Quan Mansion, Tianfu, Inner Mansion, Employing Gold, and Employing Money are all officials in charge of money. Therefore, the" Nine Mansions Round Law ", established by Jiang Taigong, is to use administrative means to ensure the balanced circulation and reasonable access of money and goods, so that money and cloth can continue to circulate, gather and disperse appropriately, without stagnation and lack. The country is rich and the people are satisfied.
"Jiufu" is the "official in charge of money". The function of checking the "nine governments" in the Book of Rites of the Zhou Dynasty is to "pass the currency and make it easy to have it".
Jiang Taigong's fiscal and economic policies and financial management system not only established a complete and strict management system and management system for the economic management, economic supervision, tax collection, and goods preservation of the Zhou Dynasty, but also laid the foundation for the strength of the Qi State and the hegemony of Duke Huan of Qi and Guan Zhong's "nine princes, one country". Jiang Taigong's way of making money and managing money, that is, the system of increasing income and reducing expenditure, is the way to enrich the people and strengthen the country, the right way to govern the country and prosper the country for all ages, and the way to govern everything is not easy, so it is the law of all ages.
(This article is an original article by Zhuge Changqing, and the pictures are selected from the Internet. Welcome to forward it, and please indicate the source for forwarding)
Introduction to Zhuge Changqing: Zhuge Changqing, the inheritor and promoter of traditional Chinese culture, is willing to "learn from sages, promote virtue, revitalize China and benefit the world" together with people with the same ideals in the world.
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