Zhu Yuanzhang: From the Cowherd to the Emperor (1)
Between heaven and earth in life, I think Zhu Yuanzhang is worthy of being ambitious, confident, brave in difficulties, fighting in setbacks, and seeking talents. A friend asked, "What is the most difficult thing in the world?"? Yu said: The most difficult thing in the world is people's hearts. As long as the heart does not feel difficult, what difficulties are there in the world? Friend said: Good.
The most important achievement of Zhu Yuanzhang, the Emperor Taizu of the Ming Dynasty, was to expel the prisoners, eliminate the riots, save the nation, abolish the ethnic hierarchy policy formulated by the Mongols, and restore China.
Zhu Yuanzhang was born in a poor tenant farmer's home in the Huaihe Plain of Anhui Province. At that time, Mongolia's oppression and enslavement of the Han nationality and other nationalities had reached an unbearable level. Zhu Yuanzhang had never experienced the normal living environment of China's rich and stable agricultural society, nor had he received systematic Confucian education. However, he overthrew the rule and enslavement of Mongolia through his own intelligence, belief and commanding power, re-established the Han nationality and guided the people to break away from barbarism and regain confidence, dignity and honor.
Zhuge Changqing: Although Zhu Yuanzhang was born in a poor family, he was ambitious. When he was a cattle herding boy, he played a different "emperor game", reflecting that he had an extraordinary dream since childhood.
The Ming Dynasty was born in half a century of increasing chaos; In this era of destruction by barbarians, the daily life in most parts of China has increasingly directly resorted to barbarian violence. Civilization has fallen, and the Han people have become slaves and are left to barbarian slaughter.
The collapse of Mongolia and the rise of the Ming Dynasty were not so-called class struggles at all, but the desperate duel between the Han and other nationalities in order to survive, freedom and dignity, and get rid of the trampling of Mongolian slavery. While leading the Han nation and other nationalities to expel Mongolia, the Emperor Taizu of the Ming Dynasty also pointed out that although Mongolia and Semu are not Chinese, if they know the etiquette and justice and are willing to be Chinese subjects, they are no different from the Chinese people, which fully reflects the benevolence and justice of the Chinese nation.
This outstanding national hero has gone from natural and man-made disasters and hunger and cold in Zhongli Village to the accession to the throne in Nanjing. The path he and his civil servants and military generals have taken is not only for the interests of individuals and a certain class. As he said, I am Huaiyou Cloth, and the world is nothing more than me.
Zhuge Changqing: Although Zhu Yuanzhang had no right or power to wear this cloth in his early days, he did not dare to feel trampled on by others. Despite many difficulties, I have let go of cattle, become a monk, and become a beggar... But he did not change his original intention to ask for orders for the people and restore national dignity.
Zhu Yuanzhang had a strategic mind, foresight, good command of war and initiative. Pay attention to recruiting talents, widely adopt opinions, strictly govern the military, improve the military system, train soldiers and train generals, and emphasize that generals should be knowledgeable, resourceful, benevolent and brave. He advocated that troops should be stationed in agriculture, cultivated and fought, and maintained a strong armed force.
Zhuge Changqing: Zhu Yuanzhang had the foresight of a politician when he was young. After becoming a monk, he was forced to travel for three years because of the poverty of the temple. It was this kind of ordeal that strengthened his extraordinary ambition. So, after returning to the temple, Zhu Yuanzhang worked hard, made friends and prepared to do something.
Zhuge Changqing believed that Zhu Yuanzhang was able to ascend the throne of the emperor from the cowherd, and also benefited from his honest and hardworking personality charm. When he first joined the Rebel Army, he fought bravely, and was witty, flexible, and literate. He was soon recognized by Guo Zixing. So Guo Zixing transferred Zhu Yuanzhang to the commander's office as an officer and appointed him as the commander of the army. Zhu Yuanzhang was smart and capable, handled things properly, and took the lead in the war. All the trophies obtained were handed over to Marshal Guo Zixing. He was rewarded and said that the credit was everyone's, so he distributed the reward to everyone. Soon, Zhu Yuanzhang's good reputation in the army spread. Guo Zixing also regarded him as a confidant and always discussed important matters with Zhu Yuanzhang. At that time, Guo Zixing had an adopted daughter, Ma Xiuying (later Queen Ma with big feet), who was the daughter of his close friend, Ma Gong. After Ma Gong died, his youngest daughter was adopted by Guo Zixing. At this time, Guo Zixing saw that Zhu Yuanzhang was a talented person and would be of great help to his career. So he married his adopted daughter, Ma, to Zhu Yuanzhang and renamed him Prince Zhu in the army. It can be seen that those who want to achieve great things must pay attention to small things. Starting from small things, diligence and loyalty are essential virtues.
Zhuge Changqing: In his entrepreneurial process, Zhu Yuanzhang was also good at employing people without doubt, stabilizing the morale of the army, pacifying the people, and practicing the ancient motto that those who win the hearts of the people win the world.
In March of the 16th year of Zhizheng (1356 AD), Zhang Shicheng launched an offensive in the Yangtze River Delta to attack the Yuan Army in Jiangnan. Taking this opportunity, Zhu Yuanzhang personally led the army and attacked Jiqing (now Nanjing, Jiangsu) for the third time. On the third day, Chen Zhaoxian's military camp outside the city was broken down, and 36000 of its troops surrendered to Zhu Yuanzhang. However, Zhu Yuanzhang saw that the surrender was doubtful and uncertain. So Zhu Yuanzhang chose 500 brave men from the surrender to be his own soldiers and guard them at night, while only one of his own soldiers, Feng Guoyong, was left. The next day, when the troops knew about it, they were very moved. Their doubts were all gone. They were willing to follow Zhu Yuanzhang to fight the world. So the war went very smoothly. Within ten days, Zhu Yuanzhang captured Jiqing.
After Zhu Yuanzhang entered the city, he ordered to appease the people and change Jiqing to Yingtianfu. After receiving the report, Han Liner, the king of Xiaoming, was promoted to Zhu Yuanzhang as the same member of the Privy Council, and soon to Pingzhang, the provincial secretary of the central bank of Jiangnan and other departments. Zhu Yuanzhang set up Tianxing Jiankang Wing Grand Marshal's Office in response to Tianze, with Liao Xiao'an as the commander of the army and Li Shanchang as the left and right doctor.
Zhuge Changqing believed that Zhu Yuanzhang was not a dictatorial mud-legged commander. He was good at absorbing the words of sages and using them for himself, which was also the key to his success. Before Zhu Yuanzhang became emperor, he stationed in western Zhejiang for six years (Wu Han once wrote "The Treasure House of the Great Ming Taizu of Western Zhejiang"). With the help of the secret Mingjiao headquarters centered on Fu Chuanshan (the white mountain in Huizhou, with the main peak resting on the top of the boat), he followed the strategy of "building a high wall, accumulating grain, and slowly becoming king" put forward by Huizhou counselor Zhu Sheng, and rapidly and secretly expanded his own strength. Here, the original "Nine Palaces and Eight Diagrams Array" was used to train Mingjiao saints, and to hide his strength, In order to achieve great success. Building a high wall means strengthening military preparedness and consolidating the rear; Extensive grain accumulation refers to the development of economic production, the storage of grain and the enhancement of economic strength; Slow claiming the throne means not to claim the throne too early to avoid making too many enemies, because the strength is very weak at this time, and I am also in the middle of several big warlords. These three suggestions have a strategic vision and are the guiding ideology of Zhu Yuanzhang in his early development.
Zhuge Changqing: With the wisdom of the people in the world, we can accomplish everything in the world. Zhu Yuanzhang is also an example of courtesy to the wise.
Zhuge Changqing: Zhu Yuanzhang is an excellent representative of the Chinese nation. He shines with diligence, wisdom, frugality and ambition everywhere. His words, deeds and actions inspire us to create greater achievements in the new historical era!
South no Amitabha, South no Amitabha, South no Amitabha!
Nanwu Master Sakyamuni Buddha. Blessed life is limitless. Confucius. Jesus. Mohammed.
All Buddhas and Bodhisattvas of the three generations in ten directions.
All immortals in the three realms and ten directions.
All sages at all times and in all countries.
Don't do any evil, and do all good. Persistence and responsiveness.
Zhuge Changqing wishes all the people who are destined to respect their parents and do good deeds and accumulate virtue rich and auspicious!
(This article is an original article by Zhuge Changqing, and the pictures are selected from the Internet. Welcome to forward it, and please indicate the source for forwarding)
Introduction to Zhuge Changqing: Zhuge Changqing, the inheritor and promoter of traditional Chinese culture, is willing to "learn from sages, promote virtue, revitalize China and benefit the world" together with people with the same ideals in the world.
(Zhuge Changqing: firstname.lastname@example.org ）
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Zhuge Changqing's Chinese Dream
Learn from sages and carry forward virtue
Revitalizing China for the benefit of the world
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Selected Articles in Previous Periods
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1The wisdom of traditional Chinese culture changes the destiny: filial piety to parents+five in one+self-improvement
2Zhuge Changqing's Three Golden Keys to Changing Destiny
3Zhuge Changqing's Greeting Ritual (15 Steps Concise Version)
3 诸葛长青施食仪轨 （十五步简洁版）
4How to repent: the ritual of repentance and the method of repentance (full version)
5How to read the Dizang Sutra: Methods for reciting Dizang Sutra (complete version)
6How to release? The ritual of releasing life
7Zhuge Changqing's Repentance Culture: A Case Study of Repentance Methods for Changing Destiny
8Free Life Culture: Free Life Culture in Ancient China
9Shocking photo of feeding: Buddha, Bodhisattva and Dharma Protector come to the scene
10Feeding Rite Return: the return is changed to simple return