Ethnic customs: origin and customs of Laba Festival
Today is the Laba Festival, which is a very auspicious day. The hope, success and joy of the new year start from this day. Sincerely wish you all a prosperous career--- Zhuge Changqing
The most important festival of the twelfth lunar month is the eighth day of the twelfth lunar month. It was called "the twelfth lunar month" in ancient times and commonly known as "the twelfth lunar month". Since the pre-Qin Dynasty, the Laba Festival has been used to worship ancestors and gods, and pray for a good harvest and good luck. In addition to the activities of worshiping ancestors and gods, people also have to fight the epidemic during the Laba Festival. This activity originated from the ancient Nuo (the ancient exorcism ceremony). One of the medical methods in prehistoric times is to expel ghosts and cure diseases. As a witchcraft activity, the custom of beating drums to drive away the epidemic in the twelfth month still remains in areas such as Xinhua, Hunan Province.
It is said that Sakyamuni, the founder of Buddhism, became a Buddhist on the eighth day of December. Therefore, Laba is also a Buddhist festival, also known as the "Buddha Becomes a Taoist Festival".
Laba porridge is also called "seven treasures and five flavors porridge". It is said that Laba porridge came from India. Sakyamuni, the founder of Buddhism, was originally the son of King Jingfan of Kapila Wei State (now in Nepal) in northern India. He saw that all living beings were suffering from the pain of birth, aging, disease and death, and was dissatisfied with the theocratic rule of the Brahman at that time. He abandoned the throne and became a monk. After six years of hard work, he realized the truth and became a Buddha under the Bodhi tree on the 8th of December. During these six years of asceticism, I only ate one hemp and one rice a day. Later generations will not forget his sufferings and eat porridge on the eighth day of the twelfth lunar month every year as a memorial.
China has a history of drinking Laba porridge for more than 1000 years. It began in the Song Dynasty. Every Laba day, whether it is the court, the government, the temple or the people's home, Laba porridge is made. In the Qing Dynasty, the custom of drinking Laba porridge was even more prevalent. In the palace, the emperor, queen, prince and so on should give Laba porridge to the ministers of civil and military affairs and the attendants, and distribute rice, fruit and so on to the monasteries for the monks to eat. In the folk, every household should also make Laba porridge to worship their ancestors; At the same time, the family gathered together to eat and give gifts to relatives and friends.
The patterns of Laba porridge in various parts of China are very different. Among them, Peiping is the most fastidious. There are many items mixed in white rice, such as red dates, lotus seeds, walnuts, chestnuts, almonds, pine nuts, longans, hazelnuts, grapes, ginkgo, water chestnut, green silk, roses, red beans, peanuts... a total of no less than 20 kinds. On the evening of the seventh day of the twelfth lunar month, people began to get busy. They washed rice, soaked fruit, peeled, peeled, pitted, and picked carefully. Then they began to cook at midnight, and then simmered until the morning of the next day.
People who are more fastidious should first carve the fruit into human shapes, animals and patterns, and then boil it in the pot. The more characteristic is to put "fruit lion" in Laba porridge. The fruit lion is a lion shaped thing made of several kinds of fruits. It uses the crisp date that has been roasted and dried with the date stone as the lion's body, half of the walnut kernel as the lion's head, the peach kernel as the lion's foot, and the sweet almond as the lion's tail. Then stick them together with sugar and put them in the porridge bowl, like a little lion. If the bowl is large, you can put two lions or four little lions. What is more exquisite is to use jujube paste, bean paste, yam, hawthorn cake and other foods with various colors to make them into eight immortals, old longevity stars and Arhat statues. This kind of decorated Laba porridge can only be seen on the altar of the previous big temple.
After the Laba porridge is cooked, you should first worship the gods and ancestors. After that, they should give gifts to relatives and friends. They must be sent out before noon. The last is for the whole family. The leftover Laba porridge, which has been preserved for a few days, is a good omen, which means "more than enough every year". If you give porridge to the poor, it is more for yourself.
Laba porridge also plays a role of witchcraft in the folk. If flowers and fruit trees are planted in the yard, we should also smear some Laba porridge on the branches, and believe that more fruits will be produced in the coming year.
Namo Amitabha. Namo Amitabha. Namo Amitabha.
Nanwu Master Sakyamuni Buddha. Blessed life is limitless. Confucius. Jesus. Mohammed.
All Buddhas and Bodhisattvas of the three generations in ten directions.
All immortals in the three realms and ten directions.
All sages at all times and in all countries.
Don't do any evil, and do all good. Persistence and responsiveness.
Zhuge Changqing wishes all the people who are destined to respect their parents and do good deeds and accumulate virtue rich and auspicious!
(This article is an original article by Zhuge Changqing, and the pictures are selected from the Internet. Welcome to forward it, and please indicate the source for forwarding)
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