Confucius disciple: Yan Yan (Ziyou) enlightens people with rites and music
Confucius disciples are loyal, virtuous, benevolent and respectable.
... Zhuge Changqing
Confucius teaches students according to their aptitude.
Confucius has cultivated many sages and pillars for the Chinese nation.
Among the seventy-two sages of Confucius, there was a southern disciple named Yan Yan, who used etiquette and music to govern society, which was amazing.
Zhuge Changqing believes that when we study Confucius today, we should learn from all aspects to understand, and learn from sages with the "heart of sages", so that we can make rapid progress.
Yan Yan (506-443 BC), Zi You, Wu people (recorded as Lu people in Confucian family language). During the Spring and Autumn Period, the only southern disciple of the "seventy-two sages of Confucius" was a thinker.
Yan Yan, who is good at literature, once served as the magistrate of Wucheng County of the State of Lu, expounded Confucius' theory, and used etiquette and music to educate the people. There are strings of songs everywhere in the territory. Confucius praised him as "I have Yan in my door, and I go to the south", known as "Southern Master".
The story of Yan Yan governing society with rites and music and changing people's minds is recorded in the seventeenth chapter of The Analects of Confucius.
Zhuge Changqing believed that Confucius' disciples were admirable for their military skills, loyalty, filial piety, benevolence and righteousness.
Zhuge Changqing shared the story of Yan Yan's music governing society in The Analects of Confucius:
The Analects of Confucius
The sound of stringed songs is heard in the Wucheng of the son.
The master smiled and said, "Why use an ox knife to cut chicken?"
Zi You said to him, "The old man Yan also heard that Confucius said, 'A gentleman who learns Tao loves others, and a villain who learns Tao is easy to use.'"
Confucius said, "Two or three sons, Yan's words are right! The ear of the foreword play."
Zhuge Changqing believes that the basic meaning of this passage is~
One day, Confucius and some of his disciples came to Wucheng County, where Yan Yan was the magistrate, and heard the elegant orchestra and singing voice in the county.
Confucius smiled and said, "Why use a knife to kill a chicken?"
(Confucius means, in order to govern such a small county, is it necessary to make a mountain out of a molehill and educate with etiquette and music?)
Ziyou replied, "I heard the teacher say before: 'When a gentleman learns the Tao, he will love others. When people learn the Tao, they will easily abide by the law and morality, and consciously accept orders. Therefore, I will use etiquette and music to educate people.'"
Confucius said, "Dear disciples, Yan Yan is right. He has done a good job and deserves your study. What I said just now is just a joke."
According to books such as The Analects of Confucius and The Book of Rites, Yan Yan studied very hard at Confucius and often asked Confucius for advice when encountering difficult problems; Confucius also regarded Yan Yan as one of his satisfied disciples. He once described to Yan Yan the beauty of his ideal society.
Once, Yan Yan accompanied Confucius to participate in the sacrificial ceremony (an activity of killing animals and animals to sacrifice their ancestors at the end of the year in December). After the ceremony, the two people walked to the tall building outside the temple, and Confucius looked up and sighed.
Yan Yan felt very strange and asked, "Why is the teacher sighing?"?
Confucius said: I have not caught up with the era of the implementation of the Great Way and the era of three generations (Xia, Shang and Zhou) of wise people in power, but I always yearn for it!
Then Confucius eloquently described to Yan Yan the scene of the Datong society of "plotting to shut down but not prospering, stealing and not doing, and therefore not shutting down outside". This left a deep impression in Yan Yan's mind.
Confucius was determined to practice his teacher's teachings. Later, when he was the prime minister of Wucheng in the State of Lu, he followed his teacher's instructions and educated the people with etiquette and music, and made achievements.
Confucius also said, "Have you got any talents here?"?
Yan Yan replied, "There is a man named Dantai Mingming who never comes to my house without taking the path. The implication is that this person acts well and does not flatter his boss. He is a talent who can be reused. This shows that Yan Yan can identify talents very well. After becoming an official, he is not only interested in flattery.
In the 25th year of mourning for Duke Lu, Yan Yan died and was buried at the east foot of Yushan Mountain. He became the ninth person known as the "Ten Philosophers of Confucius" from sacrificing to the temple of Confucius, enjoying the Confucian sacrifice, and worshipping Duke Danyang and Duke Wu in successive dynasties. During the Jiajing period of the Ming Dynasty, it was definitely called "Xianxian Yanzi". The Qing Dynasty set up a doctor of the Five Classics, who was inherited by Yan Yan's descendants. Now there is Yanzi's Former Residence in Yanzi Lane, Yushan Town, Yanzi's Tomb in the East Ridge of Yushan Town, Yanzi's Special Shrine in Xueqian Street, and Yanzi's Former Residence Pavilion on the bank of Zhoutang.
Yan Yan won the respect of later generations after his death, and he has lived for many years.
In the eighth year of Kaiyuan in the Tang Dynasty (720), he was listed as one of the ten sages and entered the Confucius Temple and was worshipped by people. Nineteen years later, in the twenty-seventh year of the Kaiyuan era of the Tang Dynasty (739), he was forced to become a marquis. In the second year of Dazhong Xiangfu in the Northern Song Dynasty (1009), he was also named Duke of Danyang. In the second year of Xianchun's reign in the Southern Song Dynasty (1266), he was appointed Duke Wu.
During the Dade period of the Yuan Dynasty, he was granted the title of Duke of Wu.
During the reign of Emperor Jiajing of the Ming Dynasty, he was granted the title of "Xianxian Yanzi". The Qing Dynasty inherited the title of the Ming Dynasty.
In the 51st year of Kangxi (1712), the court approved the establishment of a doctor of the Five Classics among Yan Yan's descendants, which was inherited from generation to generation to worship the ancestors. Several emperors of the Qing Dynasty visited the south and sent ministers to the tomb of Yan Yan in Changshu to pay a tribute, and presented a plaque inscribed with imperial inscriptions.
Yanyan Tomb is located at the east foot of Yushan Mountain. It is built on the mountain with a magnificent momentum. The tomb is a tall mound of sealed earth, and the existing foundation road consists of three archways and a stone pavilion. The first archway faces the North Gate Street and is inscribed with four big characters: "Yan Zi's Tomb Path". There is "Ying'e Pool" in the entrance, and a stone arch bridge and a literary bridge are built on the top. There is a half-hill pavilion on the top of the bridge. There is a plaque inside the pavilion and the inscription of Kangxi "Wen Kai Wu Hui" (Wu Jun and Kuaiji Jun). There are three arches in the tens of steps up, with four big characters of "Southern Master" carved on the stone. Yan Zi's tomb is behind the square. Ancillary buildings of the tomb include Luocheng, altar, banquet hall, etc. There is no record of the date when the tomb was first built. According to documents, during the reign of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, Yan Yan's seventeenth grandson Yan Cheng Dashi repaired the ancestral tomb. To the third year of Duanping in the Southern Song Dynasty (1236), the Changshu County Magistrate Wang Mingling announced the protection of Yan Zi's tomb, and then underwent several repairs. Most of the existing buildings were built in the Qing Dynasty. It is now a provincial cultural relics protection unit.
There are several places in Changshu about Yanzi's historic sites. Rudong Yanzi Lane has Yanzi's former residence, which was built in the late Qing Dynasty. The third entrance has the stone carving of Yan Zi's Former Residence, and the fourth entrance has the image of Yan Zi and the stele pavilion. There is also an ink well in the former residence, also known as the Yan Gong Well. It is the only remains of Yan Zi in the residence, which has lasted for more than 2000 years. There is a lake stone beside the well with the words "ink well" engraved in official script. It is reported that the well was ten zhang deep and three zhang wide, and the water was black and sweet, but today it is no different from ordinary wells. There was a washing stone beside the well, which was three feet long, but it was gone. There are Yanzi Bridge and Literature Bridge at the entrance of Dongyanzi Alley. On the east side of the Confucian Temple in Xueqian Street is the Yanzi Temple, which has been renovated. There is Yangang Bridge outside Dadongmen. On the east bank of Chuzhou Tangqiao, five kilometers to the south of the city, there is a stele pavilion in Yanzi's hometown, which is more than three feet wide. In the pavilion, there are "famous places in the city", The stone couplet of Zhong Daxian in the southeast. These historic sites can still be seen today. There are only relics left. They are: The Academy has a Literature Academy (later renamed Yushan Academy) 。 According to the records, the academy has a considerable scale, with Xuedao Hall in the middle, Yanzi Temple in the west, Xiange Building in the west, Shepu in the northwest, Yuanchi and Zhijin Bridge in the front; The original Yan family temple in Hedong Street. Inside, there are gate towers, main halls, stringed song towers, and a back tower dedicated to collecting sacrificial vessels and bequests; There is Yanzi Queli Square in Nanmen Street. Today, we can only imagine the situation in those years from the records or pictures of the Cultural Supervision Institute.
Yan Zi's words and deeds are scattered in The Analects of Confucius, Mencius, The Book of Rites, The Records of History, etc. The second volume of Yan Zi in the Song Dynasty was lost. Hou Xianchun of the Ming Dynasty compiled the "Records of Literature", which was annotated by Geng Ju, but was not printed. To the Qing Dynasty, Yan Rushi, the descendant of Yan Yan, searched for the lost and compiled three volumes of the "Literature Record". There are woodcut versions that have been handed down today.
Yanyan is worshipped by Fengxian District of Shanghai and thought to be its hometown. Fengxian got its name from Yanyan. It is said that in the pre-Qin period more than 2000 years ago, Confucius, who was regarded as a sage by later generations, ran a school to promote Confucianism. His disciple Yan Yan resigned and returned to school after completing his studies. According to legend, in 444 BC, Yan Yan came to the East China Sea to open a school, which not only taught his disciples to learn Chinese characters, but also taught people to cultivate morality with Confucian etiquette. Under the advocacy of Yan Yan, the sound of rites and music can be heard everywhere in the corner of the sea. Yan Yan is also respected as a "sage" by the people in the corner of the sea. In order to commemorate the sage who devoted his whole life to spreading knowledge and promoting etiquette, later generations named the county "Fengxian" and built "Yanzi Temple" to express their nostalgia, and further highlight the folkway of later generations who took Yan Yan as an example and worshipped "respect Fengxian, and think of the same with the virtuous". Nowadays, "respecting, learning from and uniting the virtuous" has become the code of conduct for Fengxian citizens. See "Fengxian Historical and Cultural Celebrities", written by Zhang Zhidi, Oriental Publishing Center, 2006 edition.
Yanyan Ancient Site.
Don't do any evil, and do all good.
Zhuge Changqing, I wish you success.
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Introduction to Zhuge Changqing: Zhuge Changqing, the inheritor and promoter of the traditional culture of Chinese traditional culture, is willing to "learn from sages, promote virtue, revitalize China, and benefit the world" with like-minded people in the world.
言子的言行散见于《论语》、 《孟子》 、《礼记》、《史记》等。宋代辑《言子》二卷，后失传。明代侯先春辑《文学录》，邑令耿桔为之作注，但并未付印。至清代，言偃后裔言如泗搜讨遗佚，编纂成《文学录》三卷。有木刻本流传于今。
(This article is an original article by Zhuge Changqing, and the pictures are selected from the Internet. Welcome to forward it, and please indicate the source for forwarding)
Introduction to Zhuge Changqing: Zhuge Changqing, the inheritor and promoter of traditional Chinese culture, is willing to "learn from sages, promote virtue, revitalize China and benefit the world" together with people with the same ideals in the world.
(Zhuge Changqing: firstname.lastname@example.org ）
Zhuge Changqing mailbox：
Zhuge Changqing's Chinese Dream
Learn from sages and carry forward virtue
Revitalizing China for the benefit of the world
Zhuge Changqing mailbox：
Selected Articles in Previous Periods
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1The wisdom of traditional Chinese culture changes the destiny: filial piety to parents+five in one+self-improvement
2Zhuge Changqing's Three Golden Keys to Changing Destiny
3Zhuge Changqing's Greeting Ritual (15 Steps Concise Version)
3 诸葛长青施食仪轨 （十五步简洁版）
4How to repent: the ritual of repentance and the method of repentance (full version)
5How to read the Dizang Sutra: Methods for reciting Dizang Sutra (complete version)
6How to release? The ritual of releasing life
7Zhuge Changqing's Repentance Culture: A Case Study of Repentance Methods for Changing Destiny
8Free Life Culture: Free Life Culture in Ancient China
9Shocking photo of feeding: Buddha, Bodhisattva and Dharma Protector come to the scene
10Feeding Rite Return: the return is changed to simple return