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 Interpretation of the 50th Beidi in Zhuge Liang's Art of War. General's Garden

   date:2020-09-18 18:57:14     read:35   

Interpretation of the 50th Beidi in Zhuge Liang's Art of War. General's Garden

Beidi 50th

——Take advantage of the weakness and strike

Northern Diju has no city walls. It follows the pursuit of water and grass. If it is snobbish, it will invade the south. If it is lost, it will retreat to the north. If it is long and wide, it will be enough to defend itself. If it is hungry, it will catch animals and drink milk. If it is cold, it will sleep in fur and wear fur. It will run and shoot for the sake of killing. It can not be morally conceived, nor can it be military. There are three reasons why the Han Dynasty did not fight with each other. The soldiers of the Han Dynasty were tired and timid because they worked and fought; It is easy and brave to capture animals and hunt animals. It is not equal to fight with fatigue against ease and cowardice against courage. The Han Dynasty grows faster than the foot, and the day travels for hundreds of miles; A captive is twice as good as a rider. When the Han Dynasty chases the prisoners, they will bear the grain and armour. When the Han Dynasty chases the prisoners, they will drive the horses and carry them. The momentum of carrying the burden is different. The form of walking and chasing is different. This is not a war. In the Han Dynasty, there are many steps in the war, and many horses in the war. If you are fighting for the terrain, you will ride faster than you step. If you are late, you can't fight three times. If you have to, don't guard the border. Defend the way of the border, select the good general and take charge of it, train the elite and take charge of it, expand the field and do it, set up the beacon post and wait for it to be empty and take advantage of it, and take it because of its decline. It is said that the enemy will eliminate it without cost, and the people will not be tired and be lenient.



The nomadic ethnic groups in the north have no fixed place. They will live where there are plenty of water and grass. When faced with favorable conditions, they will go south to invade the Central Plains. On the contrary, if they do not have enough strength, they will escape to the farther north. They have strong self-defense ability by virtue of the dangerous Yinshan Mountain and the vast desert. When they are hungry, they prey on wild animals. When they are cold, they use animal skins as ready-to-wear quilts. They run and shoot every day, and take killing animals as their daily necessities. Such a nation can neither be influenced by morality nor be subjugated by war. There are three reasons why the Han Dynasty did not employ them. First, the soldiers of the Han Dynasty were very tired and timid as they worked and fought. The northern nationalities lived a nomadic life and lived a leisurely and brave life. They could not win the battle against Beidi with the fatigue of the Han army and the courage against Beidi with the cowardice of the Han army. Second, the Han army is mainly infantry, and can only travel hundreds of miles a day, while Beidi is good at riding horses, and the daily journey is several times that of the Han army. The soldiers of the Han Dynasty need to carry all the rations and armor when chasing Beidi Frog, while Beidi carries these military supplies with his horses when chasing the Han army. The transportation forms of the two sides are different, and the speed of chasing each other is not equal. Third, the soldiers of the Han Dynasty fought on foot, while Beidi fought with light cavalry. The two sides fought for the best terrain. The cavalry was always faster than the infantry, with a great difference in speed. Therefore, the best way to deal with Beidi is to guard the border. When sending soldiers to garrison the border, we should choose a wise man as the commander, train elite soldiers to defend, use grain to enrich the warehouse on a large scale, set up beacon towers to watch the enemy, wait until Beidi is weak, and then take the opportunity to enter, and defeat him at one stroke when his power is exhausted. In this way, it is not necessary to use too much manpower and material resources to make Beidi self-destruct, nor need to stir up the masses. The tension caused by Beidi's invasion of the border will be eased.


This article clearly and correctly analyzes the characteristics of northern nomads, compares the advantages and disadvantages of the Han nationality and the northern nomads, and puts forward the way to guard the border: send good generals to guard the border, train elite soldiers to implement the strategy of garrison, wait for work, and stand by to break the enemy. Zhuge Liang did not deal with Beidi personally, but later dynasties implemented the strategy proposed by Zhuge Liang, which proved to be correct.

Extension example

Li Jing's Western Expedition to Tuyuhun

Tuyuhun, a tribe of the ancient Xianbei people, became increasingly powerful in the early Tang Dynasty, often harassing Liangzhou, Lanzhou, Minzhou, Shanzhou and Kuozhou, threatening the Hexi Corridor. In the eighth year of Tang Zhenguan, Li Shimin sent the general Duan Zhixuan to lead the army and beat Tuyuhun, forcing him to flee to the west. After the withdrawal of the Tang army, Tuyuhun returned to Liangzhou and continued to harass. To this end, Li Shimin is determined to make a massive expedition again. Li Jing, a 65-year-old general who has returned to his hometown from retirement, took the initiative to invite him to join the army, and was appointed as the commander of the military headquarters of the Xihai Road, commanding the five major armies of Hou Jundao, Li Daozong, Li Daoyan, Li Dayan, and Gao Zengsheng in the western expedition to Tuyuhun.

In April of the ninth year of Zhenguan, Li Jing led his army to Shanzhou. Tuyuhun Khan Fu heard the news and immediately led his troops to flee west. Li Jing ordered the Tang army to pursue, and ten days later, he overtook the Tuyuhun army in Kushan. Fu Yun defended the Kushan Mountain according to the danger, and Tang sent Li Daozong a thousand cavalry soldiers to attack the back of the mountain secretly. The Tuyuhun army was attacked from both sides and was defeated. In order to prevent the Tang army from pursuing, Fu Yun ordered to set fire to the weeds before escaping into the desert. Most Tang generals believed that too much grass had been burned out, and the horses were thin, and the soldiers were tired, so it was not suitable to go deep into the pursuit. It was better to withdraw and rest, and wait for the opportunity. Hou Junji, the general of the Tang Dynasty, disagreed. He believed that Tuyuhun would make a comeback in the future if it did not catch up with the victory. Li Jing agreed with Hou Junji. In order to avoid repeating the mistakes made by the Tang army's attack on Tuyuhun in the past few times, he decided to divide the troops into two ways and pursue them in depth.

Li Jing personally led the North Route Army to defeat the Tuyuhun Army one after another, followed by the Fuhou Road, and Fuyun abandoned the city and fled. Li Jing ordered the soldiers to continue their pursuit. Hou Jundao and Li Daozong led the South Route Army to overcome many difficulties, cross the barren land with no people for two thousand miles, catch up with Fu Yun in the Wuhai and defeat him. Fu Yun escaped with the rest.

Subsequently, the Tang army beat back the counterattack of the Tuyuhun army, climbed over the Jishi Mountain, and forced Fu Yun into the Taklimakan Desert. Under the guidance of Xue Wanjun, Tang General Qi Xin He Li led more than 1000 cavalry troops into the desert, overtook Fu Yun and wiped out thousands of Tuyuhun troops. Although Fu Yun ran away again, he finally committed suicide because he was desperate.

 解读《诸葛亮兵法.将苑》 北狄第五十







    碛 qi








(This article is an original article by Zhuge Changqing, and the pictures are selected from the Internet. Welcome to forward it, and please indicate the source for forwarding)

Introduction to Zhuge Changqing: Zhuge Changqing, the inheritor and promoter of traditional Chinese culture, is willing to "learn from sages, promote virtue, revitalize China and benefit the world" together with people with the same ideals in the world.

(Zhuge Changqing: zhuge8031@163.com )

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Zhuge Changqing's Chinese Dream

Learn from sages and carry forward virtue

Revitalizing China for the benefit of the world










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Selected Articles in Previous Periods

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1The wisdom of traditional Chinese culture changes the destiny: filial piety to parents+five in one+self-improvement


2Zhuge Changqing's Three Golden Keys to Changing Destiny

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3Zhuge Changqing's Greeting Ritual (15 Steps Concise Version)

3诸葛长青施食仪轨 (十五步简洁版)

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4   如何忏悔:忏悔仪轨忏悔方法(完整版)

5How to read the Dizang Sutra: Methods for reciting Dizang Sutra (complete version)


6How to release? The ritual of releasing life


7Zhuge Changqing's Repentance Culture: A Case Study of Repentance Methods for Changing Destiny


8Free Life Culture: Free Life Culture in Ancient China


9Shocking photo of feeding: Buddha, Bodhisattva and Dharma Protector come to the scene


10Feeding Rite Return: the return is changed to simple return




That is to say, with this merit and virtue, we should solemnly observe the Buddha's net ten. Report four blessings and save three hardships. Those who wish to see and hear,Know and send Bodhi Heart. To live in a state of bliss

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