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 Interpretation of the 49th Xirong in Zhuge Liang's Art of War. General Court

   date:2020-09-18 18:57:15     read:36   

Interpretation of the 49th Xirong in Zhuge Liang's Art of War. General Court

Xirong No. 49

——Wait for civil strife and attack it

Xirong is brave and good at profit, either in the city or in the wild, with less rice and more golden shells. The old people fight bravely and are difficult to defeat. To the west of the moraine, there are many kinds of soldiers, and the land is wide and dangerous. The customs are very negative, and many old people are not loyal. When we wait for external provocations and internal disturbances, we can break them.



The ethnic minorities in the west are brave and greedy, some live in cities, some scattered in the wild, where there is not enough food, but gold and silver are abundant. These people are all brave and good at fighting, and it is difficult to make them yield. They live in the west of the desert, and the race is multiplying rapidly. They have a wide and dangerous situation. They are used to acting aggressively and do not want to surrender to the Central Plains. So they can only wait for the opportunity to advance to them and defeat them completely when they encounter challenges from other ethnic groups and internal friends are in chaos.


This article clearly points out that the ethnic minorities in the Western Regions are "brave and profitable", and analyzes the reasons for this character from their living environment and other conditions. The article further points out that the geographical characteristics of the Western Regions are "wide and dangerous", so it puts forward countermeasures: "wait for external provocations, wait for internal disturbances" to subdue.

Extension example

Ban Chao attacked and killed the messenger

In 73 BC, Ban Chao was ordered to send an envoy to the Western Regions to help Shanshan, with the intention of cutting off the communication between Huns and Shanshan and consolidating the relations between neighboring countries. Ban Chao selected 36 people as his entourage and came to Shanshan. The king was very attentive to the courtesy of the Han envoy. But after a few days, the king of Shanshan suddenly became slack with them. Ban Chao judged that it was probably the envoy of the Huns. Shanshan was afraid of offending the Huns and alienated the envoy of the Han Dynasty. In order to confirm this conjecture, Ban Chao summoned the Shanshan attendant in charge of the reception to the room, and lied to him, saying: "The Hun envoy has been here for several days, where are they living now?" When the waiter saw Ban Chao tell the secret, he thought that the Han envoy knew the details, so he had to come clean. After receiving this information, Ban Chao decided to surround his tent at night while the Huns were unprepared, set fire and attack at the same time. It was the night when the wind was blowing. Ban Chao ordered ten people to ambush behind the Hun tent with drums, and twenty people to ambush in front of the tent to guard the door. He himself led the other six people to set fire in the wind and agreed to see the fire and blow drums. When the fire broke out, ten people immediately beat drums and shouted, and the rest of them all went to the Xiongnu tent. The Hun envoy woke up from his dream and panicked. As a result, more than 30 people were killed and more than 100 people were burned. The next day, Ban Chao summoned the king of Shanshan, showed him the head of the Hun envoy, and warned him not to deal with the Huns again. The whole country of Shanshan was shocked, so it decided to break off relations with the Huns, and attached itself to the Eastern Han Dynasty, and sent its son to the Han Dynasty as a hostage.

Shanshan's attachment to the Eastern Han Dynasty was the result of Ban Chao's removal of the Hun envoys. At that time, both the Eastern Han Dynasty and the Huns were fighting for Shanshan. In order to achieve friendship with Shanshan, the Eastern Han Dynasty had to break up the relationship between the Huns and Shanshan. Ban Chao's killing of the Hun emissaries must have caused the Huns' dissatisfaction with Shanshan, so Shanshan had to choose the Eastern Han Dynasty as a friendly neighbor, and made a sincere friendship with the Han Dynasty.

 解读《诸葛亮兵法.将苑》 西戎第四十九







  碛 qi







(This article is an original article by Zhuge Changqing, and the pictures are selected from the Internet. Welcome to forward it, and please indicate the source for forwarding)

Introduction to Zhuge Changqing: Zhuge Changqing, the inheritor and promoter of traditional Chinese culture, is willing to "learn from sages, promote virtue, revitalize China and benefit the world" together with people with the same ideals in the world.

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Selected Articles in Previous Periods

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1The wisdom of traditional Chinese culture changes the destiny: filial piety to parents+five in one+self-improvement


2Zhuge Changqing's Three Golden Keys to Changing Destiny

2诸葛长青改命运三把金钥匙诸葛长青施食仪轨 (十五步简洁版)

3Zhuge Changqing's Greeting Ritual (15 Steps Concise Version)

3诸葛长青施食仪轨 (十五步简洁版)

4How to repent: the ritual of repentance and the method of repentance (full version)

4   如何忏悔:忏悔仪轨忏悔方法(完整版)

5How to read the Dizang Sutra: Methods for reciting Dizang Sutra (complete version)


6How to release? The ritual of releasing life


7Zhuge Changqing's Repentance Culture: A Case Study of Repentance Methods for Changing Destiny


8Free Life Culture: Free Life Culture in Ancient China


9Shocking photo of feeding: Buddha, Bodhisattva and Dharma Protector come to the scene


10Feeding Rite Return: the return is changed to simple return




That is to say, with this merit and virtue, we should solemnly observe the Buddha's net ten. Report four blessings and save three hardships. Those who wish to see and hear,Know and send Bodhi Heart. To live in a state of bliss

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