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 Interpretation of the 48th Nanman in Zhuge Liang's Art of War

   date:2020-09-18 18:57:37     read:23   

Interpretation of the 48th Nanman in Zhuge Liang's Art of War

The 48th Nanman

——We should fight quickly

There are many kinds of southern barbarians. They can't teach each other. They can unite with friends. If they are frustrated, they will attack each other. The cave is close to the mountain, or gathered or scattered, west to Kunlun, east to the ocean sea, and the sea products are strange. The old people are greedy and brave to fight. There are many diseases in spring and summer. The advantage is to fight with diseases. It is not necessary to master for a long time.


There are many small barbaric nationalities in the south. Their temperament cannot be taught. These nationalities often form different interest groups and attack each other when they encounter big interests. They usually live near caves and waters. Some nationalities gather in one place, while others are scattered everywhere. Their activities range from Kunlun Mountain in the west to the sea in the east. They have strange seafood there, and their enemies are greedy and belligerent. Plague often occurs in spring and summer, Therefore, in the case of the use of force against the South Barbarians, we can only make a quick decision and not stay for a long time.


This article clearly points out that there are many ethnic groups in the South Barbarians who are not easy to educate and love to make friends, but they are slightly dissatisfied and attack each other. Moreover, these ethnic groups live in a scattered and uncertain way, and are greedy but brave. Infectious diseases are often prevalent in the residential areas of Nanman in spring and summer. In response to these situations, Zhuge Liang pointed out that the fight against the South Barbarians should be quick and decisive, rather than protracted.

Extension example

Zhuge Liang captured Meng Huo seven times

In the third year of Jianxing in the Shu Dynasty (225 A.D.), there was a rebellion in the area of Nanzhong (now the junction of Yunnan, Guizhou and Sichuan). Zhuge Liang personally led the army to go out, and with the help of his stratagem, the war was bloodless, and the Nanzhong Rebellion was quelled. Then, Zhuge Liang continued his southern expedition and attacked Meng Huo.

Meng Huo is a tribal chieftain in the south central region. He has the courage of thousands of men and the courage to uphold justice. He has great prestige among ethnic minorities. Zhuge Liang ordered his subordinates not to hurt Meng Huo, but to catch him alive. Zhuge Liang followed Ma Su's advice and decided to win Meng Huo over as much as possible.

In the first battle, the Shu army captured Meng Huo under the command of Zhuge Liang. When the soldier took Meng Huo into the camp, Zhuge Liang personally untied him and asked for a banquet to entertain him. The next day, Zhuge Liang accompanied him to visit the camp of the Shu army. At the end of the visit, Zhuge Liang asked Meng Huo, "How is our army?" Meng Huo not only did not praise, but said, "But so. I didn't know your reality before, so I was defeated. Now I see your deployment. If I go back, I will defeat you." Zhuge Liang laughed and let Meng Huo go. A few days later, Meng Huo led his troops to challenge him and was defeated and captured. Meng Huo still didn't admit defeat, and Zhuge Liang let him go again.

In this way, Meng Huo was caught seven times, and for the seventh time, Zhuge Liang still wanted to let him go. He knelt down and cried, "I sincerely belong to you, and I will no longer resist." Zhuge Liang said to the generals, "It is only when force is used to suppress and disobey." Later, Zhuge Liang appointed Meng Huo as an official of the Shu Han Dynasty, leaving no Han officials, and let Meng Huo manage himself. After Meng Huo was loyal to Shu Han, the southern area was completely settled.

 解读《诸葛亮兵法.将苑》 南蛮第四十八














(This article is an original article by Zhuge Changqing, and the pictures are selected from the Internet. Welcome to forward it, and please indicate the source for forwarding)

Introduction to Zhuge Changqing: Zhuge Changqing, the inheritor and promoter of traditional Chinese culture, is willing to "learn from sages, promote virtue, revitalize China and benefit the world" together with people with the same ideals in the world.

(Zhuge Changqing: zhuge8031@163.com )

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Zhuge Changqing's Chinese Dream

Learn from sages and carry forward virtue

Revitalizing China for the benefit of the world










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Selected Articles in Previous Periods

Click the article title to view





1The wisdom of traditional Chinese culture changes the destiny: filial piety to parents+five in one+self-improvement


2Zhuge Changqing's Three Golden Keys to Changing Destiny

2诸葛长青改命运三把金钥匙诸葛长青施食仪轨 (十五步简洁版)

3Zhuge Changqing's Greeting Ritual (15 Steps Concise Version)

3诸葛长青施食仪轨 (十五步简洁版)

4How to repent: the ritual of repentance and the method of repentance (full version)

4   如何忏悔:忏悔仪轨忏悔方法(完整版)

5How to read the Dizang Sutra: Methods for reciting Dizang Sutra (complete version)


6How to release? The ritual of releasing life


7Zhuge Changqing's Repentance Culture: A Case Study of Repentance Methods for Changing Destiny


8Free Life Culture: Free Life Culture in Ancient China


9Shocking photo of feeding: Buddha, Bodhisattva and Dharma Protector come to the scene


10Feeding Rite Return: the return is changed to simple return




That is to say, with this merit and virtue, we should solemnly observe the Buddha's net ten. Report four blessings and save three hardships. Those who wish to see and hear,Know and send Bodhi Heart. To live in a state of bliss

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