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 Interpretation of Zhuge Liang's Art of War. General's Court and the Forty-third Man

   date:2020-09-18 19:02:59     read:24   

Interpretation of Zhuge Liang's Art of War. General's Court and the Forty-third Man

The forty-third

——Harmony is the foundation of victory in war

The way to use military force is to make peace with others, and to make peace with others is to fight without persuasion. If you guess the officials, the soldiers are not convinced, the loyalty is not needed, the group is slandered, the slander and the evil are mutually generated, and although you have the wisdom of soup and martial arts, you can't win over the others, let alone everyone?


When the general leads the battle, he should pay attention to the coordination and unity between the officers and soldiers in the army, between the officers and soldiers, and between the soldiers and soldiers. If this is achieved, his subordinates will actively make every effort to charge and kill the enemy. If people are suspicious, distrust each other, strategic people are not valued, soldiers are talking behind their backs, and slander and evil ideas grow rapidly, then even the wisdom of Shang Tang and King Wu of Zhou can not defeat ordinary mediocre people, let alone a large number of enemy troops?


This article discusses the fundamental problem of generals leading the army - military morale. Emphasize the importance of winning the hearts of the army, keeping the whole army united. The article discusses the truth that "the way to use force is to make peace with people" from both positive and negative aspects, and emphasizes that without peace, even if the generals themselves have the wisdom of Lord Shang and King Wu of Zhou, they cannot defeat the ordinary people. This article is different from the previous discussion on the issue of military morale. It focuses on the importance of the issue of military morale in a very thorough and prominent way, which is enough to attract the attention of the general.

Extension example

Ah Chai breaks the arrow to warn my nephew

During the Northern Wei Dynasty, Akai, the chief of the Tuyuhun tribe, was seriously ill. Knowing that the last day of his life was approaching, he began to arrange various government affairs. Ah Chai has 20 sons, almost all of whom are brave and brave. What Ah Chai was worried about was that after his death, his sons would lose control and fight with each other. If Tuyuhun is divided, the whole kingdom will not be far from extinction.

Before his death, Ah Chai summoned his brothers and nephews to his side. He asked each of his 20 sons to give an arrow. First, take out one of them and give it to his brother Muriyan to break it. Muriyan broke easily when he folded it. But I don't understand my brother's intention. Achain combined the remaining 19 arrows into a bundle and gave them to Muriyan. Muriyan tried his best, but could not break them. People still don't understand Ah Chai's intentions.

Ah Chai pointed at these arrows and said to the people with a serious heart, "Do you know the truth? One branch is easy to break, and 19 branches are hard to destroy when combined. If the kingdom is divided, it is easy to fail by individual strength alone. Only when all of us work together and rely on the strength of all, can the country maintain long-term peace and stability." Ah Chai supported and died after saying this.

Jia Yi, a politician of the Western Han Dynasty, said in his "On Passing the Qin Dynasty", "Those who destroy the six countries are also the six countries, not the Qin Dynasty." When united, the weak countries can compete with the powerful enemy countries. If they fight independently, they will lose their original advantages. This is a profound lesson from history. A Chai is a wise monarch. He knows that the harmony between his nephew and nephew is directly related to the survival of the country. The way he explained this is very ingenious. He first asked his brother to break the arrow, so that the audience could have a direct and superficial understanding of the difficulty, and then changed the topic, by which he earnestly warned, both figurative and persuasive.

 解读《诸葛亮兵法.将苑》 和人第四十















(This article is an original article by Zhuge Changqing, and the pictures are selected from the Internet. Welcome to forward it, and please indicate the source for forwarding)

Introduction to Zhuge Changqing: Zhuge Changqing, the inheritor and promoter of traditional Chinese culture, is willing to "learn from sages, promote virtue, revitalize China and benefit the world" together with people with the same ideals in the world.

(Zhuge Changqing: zhuge8031@163.com )

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That is to say, with this merit and virtue, we should solemnly observe the Buddha's net ten. Report four blessings and save three hardships. Those who wish to see and hear,Know and send Bodhi Heart. To live in a state of bliss

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