Interpretation of the thirty-eighth attack of Zhuge Liang's Art of War. General Court
The thirty-eighth attack
——Act on occasion
In ancient times, those who are good at fighting must first explore the enemy's situation and then plan for it. All the old teachers have no food, the people are worried and resentful, the military orders are not learned, the equipment is not repaired, the plan is not set first, and the external rescue cannot be reached. The officials are cut off, the rewards and punishment are lax, the battalion is lost, the victory is arrogant, and you can attack them. If we use our talents to give us power, we will have more food, our troops will be strong, our neighbors will be harmonious, and the big countries will help us.
The generals who were good at using troops in ancient times would first inquire about the situation of the enemy and then take corresponding countermeasures. The enemy is always in the following situations: the army loses its morale in the long campaign and the food supply is not enough; The people complained constantly about the war; Soldiers are not familiar with military laws and regulations; Insufficient weapons and equipment; There is no plan for operational operations; Being isolated in wartime; Generals and officials are unkind to their subordinates and amass wealth; The reward and punishment are unclear, and the soldiers are slack; The camp is chaotic and disorderly; Once in a while, you will become arrogant and arrogant, and then you can attack the enemy. When the enemy is in the following situations: able to send virtuous men to assist the general, sufficient food and pay, stable life of the people, sharp and excellent armor and weapons, able to maintain harmonious and friendly relations with the surrounding countries, and backed by the great powers, then we should try to avoid the enemy and not act lightly.
This article discusses the importance of "detecting the enemy's situation", and requires that the enemy's situation be found out before the advance and retreat. It is common knowledge that the enemy must be found out before the war. However, how to find out and how to make decisions is not what everyone knows and can handle. The essence of this article is that it provides the general with reference in this regard. The article explains in detail which enemy forces can be attacked and which enemy forces should be avoided. These experiences are very useful for the commanders on the battlefield!
Zhuge Liang Suspects His Soldier to Take Xichuan
In March and April of 219 AD, the struggle between Cao Cao and Liu Bei for Hanzhong (now part of Shaanxi and Hubei) became increasingly fierce.
The Wei and Shu armies encamped across a river. Zhuge Liang, Liu Bei's military adviser, used the suspected tactics to frighten Cao Cao and defeated the Wei army. Zhuge Liang ordered hundreds of soldiers to take battle drums and bugles and ambush in the mountains upstream. They were asked to beat the drum and blow the horn with the sound of artillery. So, either at dusk or in the middle of the night, as long as the artillery in the barracks roared, these soldiers beat drums and blew trumpets desperately.
When Cao Cao heard the trumpets coming from the Shu camp, he thought that the Shu army was going to rob the camp. He went to the tent to check. He didn't see the shadow of a Shu soldier, so he went back to the tent to rest. After a while, the sound of guns and drums came from the Shu camp, and Cao Cao was shocked again. After tossing and turning for several nights, Cao Cao was frightened and suspicious. In order to deal with the sneak attack of the Shu army, he had to move the military camp from a concealed place to a spacious place. When Zhuge Liang saw Cao Cao's plot and Wei's army was exposed, he led his army across the river and set up an array. When Cao Cao saw it, he was even more suspicious. After the war between the two sides, the Shu soldiers feigned defeat and deliberately discarded weapons along the road. Cao Cao's soldiers were chasing and fighting for weapons, and there was chaos. Seeing this, Cao Cao ordered the soldiers who robbed weapons to be killed, and ordered the army to retreat. Zhuge Liang took the opportunity to command the Shu army to pursue, and the Wei army was defeated.
(This article is an original article by Zhuge Changqing, and the pictures are selected from the Internet. Welcome to forward it, and please indicate the source for forwarding)
Introduction to Zhuge Changqing: Zhuge Changqing, the inheritor and promoter of traditional Chinese culture, is willing to "learn from sages, promote virtue, revitalize China and benefit the world" together with people with the same ideals in the world.
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Selected Articles in Previous Periods
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1The wisdom of traditional Chinese culture changes the destiny: filial piety to parents+five in one+self-improvement
2Zhuge Changqing's Three Golden Keys to Changing Destiny
3Zhuge Changqing's Greeting Ritual (15 Steps Concise Version)
3 诸葛长青施食仪轨 （十五步简洁版）
4How to repent: the ritual of repentance and the method of repentance (full version)
5How to read the Dizang Sutra: Methods for reciting Dizang Sutra (complete version)
6How to release? The ritual of releasing life
7Zhuge Changqing's Repentance Culture: A Case Study of Repentance Methods for Changing Destiny
8Free Life Culture: Free Life Culture in Ancient China
9Shocking photo of feeding: Buddha, Bodhisattva and Dharma Protector come to the scene
10Feeding Rite Return: the return is changed to simple return