Interpretation of "Zhuge Liang's Art of War. General Yuan"
——Knowing oneself and the enemy is the foundation of victory in war
In ancient times, those who are good at military use predicted their victory or defeat based on their abilities. Who is holy? Who will be the best? Who can be an official? Which is more generous? Who can train soldiers? Which is the best military appearance? Which is the best way to fight? Which situation is dangerous? Which of the guests is wise? Who is afraid of neighboring countries? Who has more money? Who is safe for the people? From this point of view, the shape of strength can be determined.
In ancient times, generals who were good at military use were able to guess who won and who lost according to various conditions. The general needs to know when predicting the outcome of the victory and defeat: which of the two monarchs is more sage? Which of the generals on both sides is more wise and capable? Which of the officials on both sides is more capable? Which side of the two sides has more food and grass? Which side of the two sides has well-trained soldiers? Which of the two sides is more strict? Which side of the horses on both sides runs fast? Which side of the two sides occupies the more dangerous terrain? Which side of the staff is more scheming? What are the neighbors that both sides can fear? Which side of the two sides is more powerful? Which side of the people's life is more stable? By comparing the above aspects, it is easier to judge who is strong or weak and who wins or loses.
This article discusses the problem of knowing one's self and the other. This is the basic issue of command in the face of war that our military strategists attach great importance to. Sun Tzu's art of war also has the famous saying "know yourself and your enemy, and you will not be defeated in a hundred battles". Zhuge Liang stressed that before the war, we should thoroughly analyze the balance of forces between the enemy and ourselves, and not fight a war of uncertainty. This once again shows Zhuge Liang's guiding ideology of cautious military use.
Zhuge Liang sent troops from both sides
During the Three Kingdoms Period, after Cao Cao murdered Ma Teng, he wanted to attack the Eastern Wu when Zhou Yu died. At this time, Liu Bei was actively preparing to attack Xichuan. Cao Cao believed that it was impossible to attack the Eastern Wu and prevent Liu Bei from expanding his influence. On the other hand, if Liu Bei is allowed to enter Sichuan, there is also a positive side, which can put Sun Quan in a helpless position. So they decided to raise troops to attack Wu. Sun Quan was shocked at the news and asked Liu Bei for help. Liu Bei and Zhuge Liang carefully analyzed the situation at that time and believed that if Sun Quan was destroyed, Liu Bei would become a more lonely force. If you help Sun Quan, you will lose the good opportunity to enter Xichuan. After careful consideration, Zhuge Liang believed that there was no need to use the troops of Jiangnan and Jingzhou, and Cao Cao would not really raise troops in the Eastern Wu. Just repair a letter to Ma Chao. Zhuge Liang thought that Cao Cao had killed Ma Teng; His son Ma Chao must have the heart of revenge. At this time, if he said that he was friendly with Ma Chao, Ma Chao would be more relieved to consider attacking Cao Cao. Sure enough, after seeing Liu Bei's letter, Ma Chao immediately decided to attack Cao Cao, and then went down to Chang'an and Tongguan. When Cao Yu learned that Ma Chao entered the customs from the west, he had to lead his army to turn away from Dongwu and look at Ma Chao.
This example fully shows that Zhuge Liang found a solution to change the dilemma into a win-win situation based on the interdependence and mutual restriction of the forces of several parties at that time.
(This article is an original article by Zhuge Changqing, and the pictures are selected from the Internet. Welcome to forward it, and please indicate the source for forwarding)
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