Zeng Guofan's "Eight Characters" Employment Secret
Zeng Guofan is very powerful, everyone said so.
But why is he so fierce?
The key is to use people.
How to use people?
Please see the "Eight Characters" secret of employment-------
In an era of collapse of belief and diversification of values in the late Qing Dynasty, Zeng Guofan almost captured all the talents in the world, including Li Hongzhang, Zuo Zongtang, Shen Baozhen and Guo Songtao in politics, Xue Fucheng, Feng Guifen and Rong Hong in westernization, and Xu Shou, Hua Hengfang and Li Shanlan in science. These talents gathered together, which shows that he has two unique brushes in employing people.
Zeng Guofan divided talents into two types: one is those with official spirit, and the other is those with local spirit.
People with high official status are characterized by learning to look like, speaking official language and being unrealistic. They are more thoughtful and tactful. The most important thing is that people with high official status can't rely on them at critical times and can't deeply understand the situation. All documents are waiting for the secretary to write. As a military officer, when dealing with problems, you must be able to see from the mouth, especially from the body, but people with high official spirit often cannot do this. People who have a strong sense of country spirit also have problems. They care about their heads and tails, like to make public, and try things they are not sure of.
In view of this, Zeng Guofan formulated his criteria for employment: integrity, knowledge and talent. He believed that "virtue is the essence and talent is the function". Morality is like water to nourish all living beings, and talent is like water to carry things and irrigate fields.
Zeng Guofan said in his letter that the fear in the world is not that there are no talents, but that those who use talents cannot use them correctly.
Zeng Guofan once summed up his experience in eight words:
It is indispensable to be broad, careful, diligent and strict.
The Hunan army founded by Zeng Guofan also has its own unique style, which is quite different from the regular army of the Qing Dynasty at that time.
The first difference is that it is a team with spirit. This kind of team with spirit is also called China's first socialist army by many foreign scholars. Zeng Guofan believed that "to build an army, the first thing is to select the general, and to select the general, we must seek the people with profound wisdom, and we must be strict in order to be able to work hard, and all three are the best choice." As for the ability to govern the army, he believed that it is nothing more than "justice, fairness, and diligence". If the work is not fair and the rewards and punishments are unclear, the soldiers will not be convinced; If you are not diligent in your duties, the big and small affairs in the barracks will be piled up and difficult to deal with. At the same time, don't be afraid of death. Only when you face the enemy can you take the lead, and the soldiers can be used by you. At the same time, Zeng Guofan believed that "the way to run the army is to be able to fight first". If you attack the city for half a year, and are accidentally broken by the enemy, unable to resist or suffer minor setbacks, your reputation will be destroyed.
The second important thing is to love the people.
The third important thing is to make all the officials and gentry live in harmony. The most telling event of the "capable war" was the Battle of Tianjing in 1862. In that year, Zeng Guofan mobilized more than 70000 troops from the Hunan and Huai armies to encircle Tianjing. During the period, Zeng Guofan implemented strategies such as strengthening the wall and clearing the field, digging tunnels, closing the encirclement, and breaking through each other. It took more than a year to conquer Tianjing, which showed that his "executive power" was very strong.
Zeng Guofan did not have a special array and tactics, and he did not have many plans of Sun Wu and Zhuge in his chest. He relies on "rules" to win the general situation, and on fighting hard battles and building hard strongholds. The most important thing is the word "harmony". This is also the most important point that distinguishes the Eight Banners Green Camp. In fact, Zeng Guofan was not so smooth in running the Hunan army. When they began to fight and trade with the Taiping Army, they were defeated repeatedly, and even committed suicide in despair more than once. Wang Kaiyun said in his "Records of the Xiang Army" that Zeng Guofan "won with his generals, and lost with his own generals", pointing out that he was not brilliant in command of the campaign, or even inferior to his generals. Zeng Guofan is also outspoken in this point. He believes that the key to his success is that he is a successful "introspective". At any time, he has always formulated specific implementation policies for specific situations. His success is mainly based on the success of his staff. He believes that a person's ideas are limited after all. Therefore, in the new and old system, how to transition, where to put yourself and what to do, that is to say, management by objectives needs to be very clear.
In the game between Zeng Guofan and the Qing government, he always believed that he belonged to the category of clumsy people. How did clumsy people succeed? He said that the most important thing was "honesty".
On the issue of how to break through the restrictions of the policy, the key is to strive for concessions. From December 1853 to 1854, Emperor Xianfeng issued four consecutive imperial edicts, asking Zeng Guofan to send troops to assist Wuhan, Huangzhou and Luzhou in Anhui Province. When there was a crisis in each place, he asked Zeng Guofan to send troops. However, Zeng Guofan did have his own set of policies. He was determined not to relax and resisted the imperial edict four times. In a compromise written to the Qing Dynasty, he explained why he was late in sending troops, because he now bears a lot of notoriety and wears filial piety. If he sent troops now, he would be laughed at by others under the powerful attack of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom. Since various local forces in the Qing Dynasty were gradually rising, Zeng Guofan was very careful.
On the one hand, Zeng Guofan treated the court properly, on the other hand, Zeng Guofan had his own four criteria for choosing martial arts.
First, we must be able to govern the people.
Second, we are not afraid of death, because the military officials are going to fight, regardless of their own lives, regardless of their own gains and losses. Scholars have a heavy mind, but martial ministers are not the same. Martial ministers can only command their subordinates when they fight. They are afraid of his generals, just as they are afraid of the law. Let soldiers charge when they charge, and fall into battle when they are trapped.
Third, we should not be active in fame and wealth. Once we are active in fame and wealth, we will often be linked with our own political achievements and the merits of war, and will compete with others. If we recommend him or promote him a little later, we will feel resentment. You will also resent when you meet with adversity. There are people who can't compete with others.
Fourth, we should endure hardship and ridicule. People who are not in good health cannot use it. People who are not in good health lose their spirit as they use it. Zeng Guofan had a wise choice in these four aspects for Wu Chen.
(This article is an original article by Zhuge Changqing, and the pictures are selected from the Internet. Welcome to forward it, and please indicate the source for forwarding)
Introduction to Zhuge Changqing: Zhuge Changqing, the inheritor and promoter of traditional Chinese culture, is willing to "learn from sages, promote virtue, revitalize China and benefit the world" together with people with the same ideals in the world.
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