Interpretation of the twenty-sixth military situation in Zhuge Liang's Art of War. General Yuan
The 26th military position
——According to the weather, time, location and harmony
There are three kinds of forces: the first is the sky, the second is the earth, and the third is the people. The sun and moon are clear and bright, the five stars are in harmony, the comet and the polka are not disastrous, and the atmosphere is harmonious; The terrain of the city is steep and steep, with thousands of miles of flood waves, a secluded cave at the stone gate, and a fertile sheep intestines; People who are powerful, the Lord, the Sage, the General and the Sage, the three armies are polite, the soldiers are ordered, and the grain armour is prepared. A good general is invincible because of the time of the day, the situation on the spot, and the benefit of others.
A glowing comet
The general should pay attention to three situations when leading the troops out of the war: the timing, the location and the harmony of the people, which are the basic factors and conditions for the victory of the war. The time of day means that the weather is sunny, the climate is mild and moderate, the cold and heat are not severe, the drought is not famine, the weather is normal, and there are no ominous signs. This is a natural factor in favor of us. The geographical advantage means that our city wall is high on the steep terrain, with deep ditches and rivers as natural barriers, and the terrain is complex and unpredictable, and the only sheep's path is still winding. Harmony means that the monarch, the sage, the general and the wise are wise, the three armies are polite and law-abiding, orderly and unified, all the soldiers can serve the battlefield, with adequate food and pay, and strong weapons. If a superior general can rely on the timing, location and harmony of the people, he can be invincible and win a great victory.
This article discusses the tactical principles of sending troops to fight. The article points out that we must be good at adapting to the weather, making good use of local advantages and giving full play to human harmony. If the general can do these three things, he will be "invincible to the enemy and complete to the enemy".
Lose the enemy's morale in Luojian
In the fourth century, China faced a confrontation between the north and the south. In the south, Sima Rui, the royal family of the Western Jin Dynasty, became the emperor and established the Eastern Jin regime. In the north, many ethnic groups have established political power, known as 16 countries in history. In 357 AD, Fu Jian of the pre-Qin Dynasty established himself as emperor. After many wars, Fu Jian united the north and actively prepared to go south to destroy Jin.
In May of 383 AD, Fu Jian led hundreds of thousands of troops, known as millions, and marched south to attack Jin. The Eastern Jin Dynasty sent Xie Shi, Xie Xuan and Liu Lao to lead the army to fight, but the Eastern Jin Dynasty had only 80000 troops, and the pre-Qin military force was in an absolute advantage. On October 18, the pre-Qin vanguard troops captured Shouyang and sent Liang Cheng to lead 50000 troops into Luojian to block the Jin army coming from the east for assistance. The reinforcements of the Eastern Jin Dynasty were blocked and had to retreat to Kip Shek. At this time, Fu Jian learned that the Eastern Jin army in Xiashi was small and the food was insufficient, so he thought that the Eastern Jin could be wiped out at one stroke. So he left the army in Xiangcheng, brought 8000 light cavalries to Shouyang, and sent Zhu Xu to the Jin military camp to persuade surrender. Zhu Xu was a general of the Eastern Jin Dynasty and was forced to surrender after being captured and defeated. When he saw Xie Shi and Xie Xuan at the camp of the Jin army, instead of persuading them to surrender, he told Xie Xuan and Xie Shi that the pre-Qin army was not well prepared and that all forces had not been assembled. He suggested taking this opportunity to attack the front of the pre-Qin army and dampen their morale. Xie Shi and Xie Xuan accepted Zhu Xu's opinion. In November, Liu Lao, the forward of the Jin army, led 5000 elite soldiers to force across Luojian, attacked Liang Cheng's camp at night, defeated 50000 pre-Qin troops, wiped out 15000 people, and killed Liang Cheng, the chief general. At the same time, Xie Shi and Xie Xuan led their troops to advance by land and water, and pushed them to the east bank of Feishui at one stroke, opposite the former Qin army across the river.
In the battle of Luojian, the Eastern Jin army defeated the morale of the pre-Qin army, encouraged the morale of the Jin army, and strengthened the confidence of the weak to win the strong. Originally, Fu Jian, who despised the Eastern Jin army, stood at the head of Bangyang City and saw that the Jin army camp across the river was tight, and the soldiers' swords and guns shone in the sun. His heart was very flustered. He even mistook the grass and trees on the mountain across the river for the soldiers of the Jin army. Later generations called it "all trees and grass are soldiers". He no longer dared to despise the Jin army, and ordered to guard Feishui strictly and not allow the Jin army to cross the river.
Although the Jin army did not fight with the main forces of the former Qin Dynasty in the battle of Luojian, it created favorable conditions for defeating the former Qin army in the battle of Feishui in the near future.
彗 bei 光芒四射的彗星
(This article is an original article by Zhuge Changqing, and the pictures are selected from the Internet. Welcome to forward it, and please indicate the source for forwarding)
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