The Strategic Principles of Sun Tzu's Art of War
Cultivate one's moral integrity, unify one's family, govern the country, and level the world
Sun Tzu's art of war has lasted for more than two thousand years, and its lasting prosperity lies in its profound strategic thinking and persistent philosophical thinking. The external material world is changing, but human nature has not changed, and the general law of competition has not changed. Based on his profound insight into human nature and the law of competition, Sun Wuzi wrote thirteen articles on the art of war. Thirteen articles are integrated to form a complete system of winning through competition. The understanding and application of this system vary with the changes of times and environment, while its basic principles remain unchanged. Sun Tzu's art of war is rich in content. According to his own experience, he has constructed a set of strategic principles, including:
1、 Know your enemy and yourself, and be invincible in every battle
Knowing the other and the self is the premise and basis for formulating and implementing all strategies and tactics.
Sun Tzu said: Those who know their enemy and know their own will not be defeated in a hundred battles; Know who you are and know who you are; If you don't know who you are and who you are, you will end up in every war. ("Assault")
He also said, "Know the enemy and know yourself, and victory is not dangerous."; Know the heaven and the earth. (Topography)
He also said, "Therefore, it is wise and wise to be able to move and win. Success comes from many people, and so do the prophets.". (Use Room Chapter)
He also said, "Anticipate the enemy to win, plan the danger, the distance, and the way of the general.". (Topography)
Competition takes "knowledge" as the priority. Mao Zedong, the leader of the people, expressed in a popular language: "Without investigation, there is no right to speak". To sum up, "self" refers to subjective factors, "that" refers to objective environment, "that" and "self" refer to all factors that affect victory. Collecting and analyzing all major factors that affect victory is the premise and basis for victory.
Know the enemy and know yourself. In general, in military warfare, there are "five things" and "seven plans". The five things are: Tao, Heaven, Earth, General, and Dharma? Who can? Who gets it from heaven and earth? Which is the law? Who is better than others? Which soldier should be trained? Which is better? (The First Plan Chapter)
Sun Wuzi elaborated on how to "know the other":
Know the enemy's plan and observe the enemy's situation: plan and know the gain and loss of the plan, make and know the reason of movement and static, form and know the place of death and life, angle and know the surplus and deficiency. (Empty and Real Chapter)
Detect the enemy's situation with spies: Five rooms rise, and don't know the way. It is called divine discipline and the treasure of man and king ("Use Room Chapter").
Facing the war, "opposing the enemy": thirty-two methods of opposing the enemy. If the enemy is close and quiet, he will rely on his danger The soldiers met each other in anger, disagreed with each other for a long time, and did not leave each other. We must carefully observe it. (March Chapter)
2、 Win first and then fight
"To win first and then to fight" means to fight with confidence, which fully reflects Sun Wuzi's prudent thought of war.
Sun Tzu said: In ancient times, the so-called good fighter is better than the easy winner. Therefore, those who are good at fighting will win without wisdom or courage. Therefore, it won't win. Those who are not good will win what they do, and those who have lost will win. Therefore, those who are good at fighting will remain invincible without losing the enemy. That is why the victorious soldiers fight first and then win, and the defeated soldiers fight first and then win. Those who are good at military use, cultivate morality and protect the law, so they can win or lose. (Military Form Chapter)
Cultivating morality and protecting the law is the basis of winning first. Political clarity and prosperity of the country ensure the overall strength of the army and the fighting morale of the army.
Knowing the enemy and ourselves is the basis of winning first. By analyzing the advantages and disadvantages of the enemy and ourselves, we strive to make ourselves invincible, while capturing and creating opportunities to defeat the enemy.
3、 Strive for the whole world
The implementation of the all-win strategy can achieve the goal of "subduing the enemy without war". "subduing the enemy without war" is the highest level of military use, the symbol of strength, and the embodiment of the win-win idea.
Sun Tzu said, "Those who are good at using weapons will defeat others rather than fight, pull out cities rather than attack, destroy the country rather than attack for a long time, and will fight for the whole world. Therefore, if the army is not stopped, the whole will be benefited. This is the way to attack.". ("Assault")
The cost of war is huge, and "every day costs thousands of dollars". If we can turn the enemy into a friend and share benefits, we can "take advantage of the war without stopping". "Expedition" is a good strategy to achieve "total victory". Before the enemy makes strategic decisions, it can exert influence on the key people and processes of its decision-making, or shake the enemy's high-level fighting will, find common interests of both sides, and reach an interest alliance.
4、 Avoid reality and attack emptiness
The essential purpose of avoiding the actual situation and fighting against the false is to grasp the strategic initiative, win or seize the strategic key points through key campaigns, erode the enemy's vitality, dampen the enemy's morale, inspire our morale, strive for a favorable combat situation, and then take the strategic initiative.
Sun Tzu said, "The image of a soldier is like water, and the shape of water is like water; The shape of a soldier is to avoid reality and attack emptiness. The water is controlled by the ground, and the army is defeated by the enemy. Therefore, the war is unstable, the water is unstable, and those who can win due to the change of the enemy are called gods. Therefore, the five elements have no permanent victory, the four seasons have no permanent position, the days have short and long, and the months have death and life. (Empty and Real Chapter)
Knowing the other and the self is a prerequisite for avoiding the real and fighting against the false. Know the enemy and the enemy, so as to concentrate our forces, form local advantages and attack the enemy's empty places.
5、 To win with the right combination
Sun Tzu said, "All those who fight will win with the right combination.". Therefore, those who are good at surprises are infinite as heaven and earth, and inexhaustible as rivers. The sun and the moon are the same; It's four o'clock to come back from the dead. The sound is no more than five. The change of five sounds is not better than listening. There are only five colors, and the change of five colors cannot be seen. The taste is only five, and the change of the five tastes is unbeatable. The war situation is only positive, and the change of positive and positive cannot be defeated. Strange things and positive things coexist, like the endless cycle. Who can be poor? ("Military Potential")
Sun Wuzi believes that all combat methods originate from the changes of the odd and the right. The changes of the odd and the right have evolved into endless combat methods. Those who make good use of the odd and the right, their methods of coping with the enemy are "infinite as heaven and earth, inexhaustible as rivers".
A well-trained and well-coordinated army is the key to victory by surprise. The use of surprise comes from the change of division and combination. According to the change of the enemy's situation, the army can be flexibly deployed and quickly attacked.
6、 It is not expensive to win for a long time
"Military victory is not expensive for a long time", that is, to fight with military force is to win quickly, not to delay the war.
Sun Wuzi advocated quick victory from the perspective of attack. To launch a war is generally to invade the enemy's country, fight heavily on the ground, and consume a huge amount of national wealth. So Sun Tzu put forward the idea of "slow speed", saying: "The slow speed of the war can't be seen for a long time. The long time of the war and the national benefit can't be seen." ("Operations"). The "Nine Places Chapter" further states: "The love of a soldier depends on his speed. If he can't catch up with others, he can attack them without warning."
"Quick win" is a competitive art. It often uses the psychology of "Jedi counterattack" to make individuals and teams focus on fighting and have clear goals, so as to achieve the goal of invincibility.
The combination of the above six strategic principles is to know the enemy and know the enemy first. On the basis of knowing the enemy and knowing the enemy, we should make sufficient and necessary preparations to win first. A complete victory can be described as the most ideal implementation result of winning first. It is also the embodiment of the win-win strategy of "taking advantage of all the advantages without stopping the war". If we have to decide the victory and defeat through "war", we should implement the strategy of avoiding the actual situation and defeating the enemy by surprise to win the final victory. Speed is a strategic principle, Both military war and commercial war have practical significance.
(This article is an original article by Zhuge Changqing, and the pictures are selected from the Internet. Welcome to forward it, and please indicate the source for forwarding)
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