Interpretation of the 12th Graduation of Zhuge Liang's Art of War. General Yuan
The 12th Graduation
——The general appointed by the monarch is solemn and dignified
In ancient times, the state was in danger, and the emperor Jianxian was able to take charge of it. On the third day of the Qi Dynasty, he entered the Imperial Temple, stood in the south, and put the Grand Master in the north to the emperor. You hold the handle of the axe to grant the general, saying, "From now on, the general will cut it down." The reply said, "When you see its emptiness, you will move forward, and when you see its reality, you will retreat. Don't be cheap with your body, don't be against the public with your own eyes, and don't lose your loyalty by relying on its function. Don't sit before the scholar sits, don't eat before the scholar eats, and don't eat with the cold department. When you work and rest, you will be in danger. In this way, the scholar will die, and the enemy will die." Will accept the words, chisel the door of evil, lead the army out, and you will send it, kneel and push the hub, He said, "It is only time to advance and retreat. Everything in the army is not ordered by the king, but by the general." If so, then there is no heaven above, no earth below, no enemy ahead, and no master behind. It takes the wise man as the consideration and the brave man as the fight. Therefore, it can defeat the outside, achieve success in the inside, and become famous in future generations.
From ancient times to the present, when a country is in danger, the monarch will select virtuous people as generals to save the country. Before the expedition, after fasting for three days, he went to the temple to worship the ancestors. The monarch stood facing the south and the general stood facing the north. The grand master presented the axe (a symbol of power) with both hands. The monarch took the axe and handed it to the general with the handle, saying, "From now on, the army is under your command." Then, The king then said: "In combat, when you see the enemy is weak, you will attack, and when you see the enemy's strength is strong, you will mainly retreat. You should not despise others because of your high position, nor listen to the opinions of your subordinates because of your unique opinions, nor lose the quality of your loyalty and credibility by virtue of your outstanding achievements. When your subordinates have not sat down to rest, you cannot sit down to rest first as a general. When your subordinates have not eaten, you should not lead the way We should eat the same cold and heat as our troops, wait for toil and rest, and enjoy both hardships and dangers. If we do all this, our soldiers will do their best, and the enemy will be defeated. ". After listening to the king's instructions, the general swore allegiance, and then personally opened the door of the evil and led the army to go out. The monarch sent the troops to the north gate and knelt down to the horses and carriages used by the general. At the same time, he said: "You will be out of the country, not under your command. From today on, all actions in the army will be decided by you". In this way, the general has absolute authority, and can also make wise men offer advice and brave criminals serve the battlefield. Thus, we can win all battles and make great contributions, and we can also be famous in future generations, and we can benefit Zeen and his descendants.
This article discusses the code of conduct that generals and soldiers should have in fighting. By describing a dialogue between the monarchs and their ministers at the ceremony of authorization of the ancient emperors to the generals, the article states the proper code of conduct for the generals to command the troops in the war. The general's answer is exactly the general's code of conduct. Here we talk about not only the issue of command in the face of war, but also the issue of employment, self-discipline and decision-making, which is very detailed. It is particularly noteworthy that the general said in front of the king, "When we move forward and backward, everything in the army will be decided by the general." Then Zhuge Liang fully discussed the necessity of doing so. It can be seen that Zhuge Liang paid special attention to the issue of military power in all aspects of the general's code of conduct, which is the same as his intention to put the article "Military Power" in the first place in the "General Court" and first discuss the issue of the general's authority, which is to emphasize that the issue of military power is the most fundamental issue for the general to command the army and must be fully authorized, Only then can we "defeat the outside world, achieve success in the inside, become famous in later generations, and benefit our descendants."
Zhuge Liang said all this through the mouth of the general, without the smell of empty preaching, making people feel cordial, credible and easy to accept. It's really brilliant.
Tian Rangju (r á ng j ū) Liwei
During the Spring and Autumn Period, all the vassal states fought endlessly. One year, the State of Qi suffered a series of defeats. The Duke of Qi Jing was anxious to find a capable general to turn the situation around.
On the recommendation of Zhengqing Yan Ying, the Duke of Qi Jing decided to make Tian Rangju a general and lead his troops to the front to fight back against the enemy. Tian Rangju was only a junior official. After paying tribute to King Jing, he made a sincere request, saying, "King, I have always been in a low position. Now you have promoted me from the ranks of soldiers to the position of general at once. I am afraid that the soldiers will not listen to me and the officials will not believe me. This is because the people are weak and the power is light. I ask you to send a senior minister to be my supervisor to help morale."
Duke Qi Jinggong said, "This is easy to do." He immediately sent his favorite minister Zhuang Jia to go. Tian Rangju and Zhuang Jia agreed to meet at the gate of the army at noon the next day.
The next day, Tian Rangju led his troops to the gate of the army very early and lined up for Hou Zhuang Jia. But in the evening, Zhuang Jia swaggered to the army gate. Tian Rangju was very angry and shouted, "Why is Lord Zhuang so late?" Zhuang Jia was always arrogant and arrogant because he was loved by King Jing. Why did he pay attention to the little Tian Rangju, He said arrogantly: "Farewell to friends and relatives, drink more..." Tian Rangju said: "At present, the enemy invasion, the king sleeps restlessly, cannot eat, the soldiers died at the border, and the lives of the people are hard to protect, but you violated the military law for the banquet..." Zhuang Jia said casually: "Don't be too arrogant, just be a general for a few days and then teach me a lesson." Tian Rangju showed no weakness, "What's the crime of violating the military law? It's time to cut it off!" roared in a loud voice. It was too late to say that. Just as Tian Rangju ordered, Zhuang Jia's head was cut off.
Tian Rangju's actions shocked the three armies, and the soldiers bowed down and listened to his command.
A few months later, the enemy was repulsed, and Tian Rangju led the army to victory. Duke Qi Jinggong met him personally, and later promoted him to be the Great Sima.
(This article is an original article by Zhuge Changqing, and the pictures are selected from the Internet. Welcome to forward it, and please indicate the source for forwarding)
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