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 Interpretation of "Zhuge Liang's Art of War. General Yuan"

   date:2020-09-18 19:05:35     read:45   

Interpretation of "Zhuge Liang's Art of War. General Yuan"

Will be the eighth

(General should have "five good" and "four desires")

There will be five good and four desires. The five good people are good at knowing the situation of the enemy, the way to advance and retreat, the reality of the country, the time and the people, and the dangers of mountains and rivers. The four desires, the so-called war desire to be strange, the plot desire to be secret, the public desire to be quiet, and the heart desire to be one.


The requirement for the general's military practical ability is "five good and four desires". The five good points are: good at observing the enemy's force deployment, good at correctly judging the time of attack and retreat, good at understanding the strength of the belligerents, good at taking advantage of the favorable opportunities for their own side, good at taking advantage of the rugged and dangerous terrain of mountains and rivers. The four desires refer to: winning by surprise in battle, careful planning, numerous people and complicated affairs, pursuing calm and steady, maintaining the unity of the whole army and working together to fight the war.


This article discusses the general literacy. The article adopts the direct method, and puts forward the requirements of five good and four desires clearly and concretely. Among them, the "five good" is the requirement for the general's military literacy and knowledge, while the "four desires" is the requirement for command ability and cultivation.

For an excellent general, these requirements are not demanding. Only by achieving the "five goodness" and "four desires" can he command freely and invincible. Zhuge Liang's country of Shu is the weakest of the three countries, but he can control the situation of the three countries and make the country of Shu stand still. It is precisely because he has achieved the "five good" and "four desires", and can win repeatedly, even in defeat.

Of course, it is not easy to truly achieve the "five good" and "four desires". We must be knowledgeable, willing to study, good at summarizing and pay attention to self-cultivation. If you want to become an outstanding general and achieve something, you must do it. Aspiring people should take this as a standard to regulate themselves and sharpen themselves.

Extension example

Lv Meng read books and offered clever ideas

During the Three Kingdoms Period, there was a famous general in Wu State, named Lv Meng. He was born in the army and had no chance to read and practice calligraphy. His family was poor when he was young. Apart from practising martial arts, he did not have access to the works of various schools of thought.

One day, Sun Quan, the Lord of Wu, invited Lv Meng and said to him with concern, "Now you are a man of both fame and power in the imperial court. You can't have no knowledge. It's not enough to talk about martial arts. You should read more books and increase some knowledge to live up to the expectations!"

Lv Meng was embarrassed and said, "I am busy in the military camp all day, and I have unfinished military affairs. Where can I still read books?"

"No," Sun Quan patiently enlightened him, "It's unreasonable not to read books on the pretext of being busy with military affairs. Am I not busy? The imperial court, internal affairs and foreign affairs, which don't bother me, but I still take time to read. Of course, I don't want you to immerse yourself in books all day and don't ask about military affairs, but just want you to see the experience left by your predecessors, expand your horizons, and enrich yourself, which is very beneficial for you to lead the army in the future..."

"You are right. I heard that Emperor Guangwu was also a diligent and studious man. He never left his books in the chaotic military life... I will take him as an example and study hard!"

Lv Meng was a general who did what he said. From then on, he insisted on reading every day, sometimes late at night. I have read more books and improved my knowledge.

Before long, Lu Su took the place of Governor Zhou Yu. The two often discussed important military and political issues of the country. One day, Lu Su went to Lvmeng's station to see him, and Lvmeng treated him warmly. During the banquet, Lv Meng asked Lu Su, "What are your strategies for guarding Lukou and neighboring Guan Yu?" Lu Su casually replied, "Oh, let's talk about it then

Lu Su listened to Lv Meng's five secret strategies and was surprised. He said happily, "I only knew you had martial arts before, but now I know you have extensive knowledge. You are not the old Amun!"

Lv Meng also laughed: "After three days of separation, you should treat people with new eyes. You can't look at people with old eyes!"

 解读《诸葛亮兵法.将苑》 将善第八













(This article is an original article by Zhuge Changqing, and the pictures are selected from the Internet. Welcome to forward it, and please indicate the source for forwarding)

Introduction to Zhuge Changqing: Zhuge Changqing, the inheritor and promoter of traditional Chinese culture, is willing to "learn from sages, promote virtue, revitalize China and benefit the world" together with people with the same ideals in the world.

(Zhuge Changqing: zhuge8031@163.com )

Zhuge Changqing mailbox:


Zhuge Changqing's Chinese Dream

Learn from sages and carry forward virtue

Revitalizing China for the benefit of the world










Zhuge Changqing mailbox




学习圣贤 弘扬善德

振兴中华 造福世界




Selected Articles in Previous Periods

Click the article title to view





1The wisdom of traditional Chinese culture changes the destiny: filial piety to parents+five in one+self-improvement


2Zhuge Changqing's Three Golden Keys to Changing Destiny

2诸葛长青改命运三把金钥匙诸葛长青施食仪轨 (十五步简洁版)

3Zhuge Changqing's Greeting Ritual (15 Steps Concise Version)

3诸葛长青施食仪轨 (十五步简洁版)

4How to repent: the ritual of repentance and the method of repentance (full version)

4   如何忏悔:忏悔仪轨忏悔方法(完整版)

5How to read the Dizang Sutra: Methods for reciting Dizang Sutra (complete version)


6How to release? The ritual of releasing life


7Zhuge Changqing's Repentance Culture: A Case Study of Repentance Methods for Changing Destiny


8Free Life Culture: Free Life Culture in Ancient China


9Shocking photo of feeding: Buddha, Bodhisattva and Dharma Protector come to the scene


10Feeding Rite Return: the return is changed to simple return




That is to say, with this merit and virtue, we should solemnly observe the Buddha's net ten. Report four blessings and save three hardships. Those who wish to see and hear,Know and send Bodhi Heart. To live in a state of bliss

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