The treasure of wisdom: interpreting the fifth weapon in Zhuge Liang's Art of War
What kind of general do you want to be?
Original text: The size of the tool is different. If you are observing his treachery, waiting for his misfortune, and being obeyed by all, you are the general of ten men; Sleeping all day long and observing the words closely, this century-old general; Be straight and considerate, brave and able to fight, the general of thousands of men; Huanhuan in appearance, strong in love, industrious in knowledge, hungry and cold in knowledge, the general of ten thousand men; Advancing talents, being cautious every day, being honest and generous, being idle in disorderly work, is the general of 100000 people; Benevolent, loyal and obedient to neighboring countries, knowing astronomy, human affairs, geography, and the interior view of the four seas is like a home.
Generals have different temperament and bearing, and their abilities and functions are different. If you can detect the treachery of others, see the hidden dangers and disasters of things, and be convinced by your subordinates, this general is a general of ten, and can lead a team of ten. If you get up early and go to bed late, work hard for business all day, speak carefully and listen to your subordinates, this kind of general is the general of hundreds of men, and can lead a team of hundreds of people. He is honest and farsighted, brave and good at fighting. Such a general is a general of thousands, and can lead a team of thousands. The appearance is majestic, the heart is full of feelings, the personality is open and aboveboard, can understand the efforts and hardships of others, and can care about the hunger and cold conditions of others. This kind of general is the general of ten thousand people, and can lead the army of ten thousand people. A general who is capable of holding up virtuous and capable people, constantly enriching himself by virtue and training, continuously being loyal, trustworthy, tolerant and magnanimous, and good at managing troubled times, is a general of 100000 people and can command a force of 100000 people. He can treat his subordinates with benevolence, but also convince the neighboring countries. He knows astronomy, is good at interpersonal relations, knowledge and geography, and looks at the whole world. Running a country is like running a country, and running a country is like running a country, and is harmonious and complete. Such a general is the general of the world, and can govern the whole world.
Analysis: This article explains the qualities and abilities that commanders at all levels must possess. The author writes carefully, from "ten generals" and "one hundred generals" to "one hundred thousand generals" and even to "one hundred thousand generals", and describes them level by level. It is of great reference value for the selection and appointment of subordinates and the self-regulation of generals at all levels.
We can also see that the highest realm of Zhuge Liang's ideal is "the general of the world". The author said that this kind of general is benevolent to the world, is faithful and convincing to the four neighboring countries, is good at understanding people, knows astronomy and geography, and is home to the world, and takes the world as its own responsibility. This kind of person is certainly not the general who leads the army in war, but the handsome person who commands the three armies and the pillar of the country. Such talents are naturally very rare, but to be strong, to maintain long-term stability and to prosper, a country must select and cultivate such talents.
Zhuge Liang himself is a typical figure of this kind. Before Liu Bei got him, although there were also Guan Gong, Zhang Fei, Zhao Yun and other invincible generals, they had no foothold and could not become the climate. It was only after Zhuge Liang was invited to assist him at the Sangu Thatched Cottage that he became an important force and established the Kingdom of Shu.
If a country can get such talents, it will be a blessing to the country and the people.
Extension example: Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty granted rewards to private relatives
After the Li family destroyed the Sui and revived the Tang Dynasty, after several years of expedition, it was only when Li Shimin became the emperor that the world was completely pacified. Li Shimin awarded meritorious ministers, and Fang Xuanling, Du Ruhai and others were highly valued and regarded as loyal ministers. However, Li Shimin's great enfeoffment of the world has caused dissatisfaction from many old ministries. Among them, his uncle Li Shentong was the most unhappy.
Li Shentong, the king of Huai'an, said, "When I started to fight in Kansai, I was the first to support my ancestors. Now, even people like Fang Xuanchi and Du Ruhai are on top of me. I am the elder of the Li family. How can I be convinced?" Li Shentong's words immediately got a response. Those old people in Lord Qin's Residence who had not been promoted also complained. See this scenario, Li Shimin said to Li Shentong, "My uncle is my close relative, and I respect you very much. But although you initiated the Rebellion, you did not contribute to the country. The purpose of the uprising was to avoid the disaster. You first annihilated the whole army in Shandong, and then fled when fighting in Liuheita. Without the assistance of Fang Xuanchi and others, I would have been defeated by the enemy. I can't reward you and the Founding Fathers for your meritorious deeds just because you are my uncle." Li Shentong blushed at the words, remain silent. Li Shimin also said, "Only selflessness can convince the people of the world. Rewards can only be based on merit, and useful talents can be appointed. Although the people in Lord Qin's Mansion are my old people, some people are lack of virtue and talent, and will only make empty complaints. What is the great plan for governing the country and ensuring the country?"
After hearing Li Shimin's words, the generals were convinced and said: "Your majesty is so selfless, and has no selfish interest in your close uncle and the old department. What can we worry about? We dare not have any thoughts at all, but try our best to serve the country."
Nanwu Master Sakyamuni Buddha. Namo Amitabha. There is no Oriental Glazed Medicine Master Buddha in the south.
Nanwu Guanyin Bodhisattva. Nanwudi Tibetan King Bodhisattva. Nanwukong hides Bodhisattva.
Blessed life is limitless. Yuanshi Tianzun. Lingbao senior. The moral supremacy.
Taiyi saved the bitter god. Confucius, the supreme teacher of Dacheng. Jesus Christ. Mohammed.
All Buddhas and Bodhisattvas of the three generations in ten directions.
All immortals in the three realms and ten directions.
All sages at all times and in all countries.
Don't do any evil, and do all good. Persistence and responsiveness.
(This article is an original article by Zhuge Changqing, and the pictures are selected from the Internet. Welcome to forward it, and please indicate the source for forwarding)
Introduction to Zhuge Changqing: Zhuge Changqing, the inheritor and promoter of traditional Chinese culture, is willing to "learn from sages, promote virtue, revitalize China and benefit the world" together with people with the same ideals in the world.
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