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 Treasure of Wisdom: Interpretation of Zhuge Liang's Art of War

   date:2020-09-18 19:06:09     read:58   

Treasure of Wisdom: Interpretation of Zhuge Liang's Art of War

Knowing human nature, knowing people well, treating people with sincerity, and warning people with courtesy are the basic qualities that the commanders of the three armies must possess!

---Zhuge Changqing

Original text: If you know the nature of people, it is not difficult to observe. There are different beauty and evil, different feelings and different looks. There are those who are gentle but deceitful, those who are respectful but deceitful, those who are brave but cowardly, and those who try their best to be disloyal. However, there are seven ways to know a person: one is to judge his will by right and wrong, the other is to judge his change by words, the third is to consult him by strategy, the fourth is to tell him to judge his courage by misfortune, the fifth is to judge his character by wine, the sixth is to judge his honesty by profit, and the seventh is to judge his faith by things.

There is nothing more difficult in the world than to truly understand a person's nature. Everyone has different degrees of good and evil, and their nature and appearance are also different. Some people are gentle in appearance but treacherous in behavior, some people are courteous but deceitful, some people look brave but actually are cowardly, some people seem to have tried their best but actually have other plans. However, there are seven ways to understand a person's nature: ask him about something in the way of separation to examine his ambition and position; Deliberately irritate him with fierce words to test his bearing and adaptability; Consult him about a certain plan and ask for his opinions to inspect his knowledge; Tell him that a disaster is imminent to test his courage and courage; Use the opportunity of drinking to make him drunk to observe his nature and cultivation; Lure him with interests to investigate whether he is honest; Give him something to do to check whether he is trustworthy and trustworthy.

Analysis: This article discusses the problem of recognizing people. At the beginning of the article, it is pointed out that "it is not difficult to understand human nature." This statement of "desire to admire and restrain first" just shows that being good at understanding people and understanding people is the basic quality that a person must have in order to master. If a general doesn't even have this ability, how can he talk about employing people or leading troops? Not to mention winning the enemy!

The essence of this article is that it not only points out four kinds of people who are different from each other, but also puts forward seven ways to identify them. This is a valuable reference for those who are generals. It will certainly be helpful to study carefully.

Here, the author clearly points out four kinds of people who are different in appearance and appearance, and repeatedly reminds the generals who bear heavy responsibilities to be alert to all kinds of villains, and teaches them the key to seeing people: not only look at the external aspects, but also look at their nature, without being confused by the superficial phenomena. From the perspective of reality, this is really very important. As the saying goes, "It is not easy to know people's" nature ".

Zhuge Liang not only alerted people to four different people, but also proposed seven methods of investigation and identification, which is his brilliance and originality. These seven methods are practical, concrete and practical. Of course, these seven methods are not necessarily applicable in today's society. For example, we should not use the methods of using advantage to attract attraction, and then to investigate people, as well as to intoxicate people and investigate their nature. However, from the basic idea of this method, it is still of great reference value. To know people, we must investigate them in many ways, not only listen to them, but also observe their actions; The investigation should not only be carried out under normal circumstances, but also under special circumstances. In short, we should "know people". Knowing people is the premise of employment, and employment should work hard in this regard.

Extension example: Li Shimin straightens out the administration of officials

Li Shimin, Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty, was an enlightened emperor with great achievements in Chinese history. Many of his ways of administration were praised and imitated by later generations.

Li Shimin hated the bribery of officials very much, and his method of punishing bribery officials was quite original. General Sun Shunde accepted a gift of silk from others, but it was revealed that Li Shimin rewarded him with dozens of pieces of silk at the court. Many ministers were puzzled and thought that they were promoting greed. However, Li Shimin said, "If he is still shameful, I will give him a silk, which will be more painful than punishment. If he is not ashamed, he is just a beast, and it is useless to kill him." Sure enough, Changsun Shunde was extremely ashamed, and the ministers also felt deeply.

While respecting and valuing meritorious officials, Li Shimin also paid great attention to their governance and never allowed them to take pride in their achievements. Yuchi Jingde has made great contributions to Li's life and death and won the trust of Li Shimin. But he is often overbearing and arrogant. At a banquet, Yuchi Jingde beat up Li Daozong, the king of Rencheng. Li Shimin was very unhappy to see Jingde so presumptuous. Determined to teach him a lesson to show his majesty. He said to Jingde, "I want to share wealth and honor with you, but you are proud of your position. Do you know why Han Xin and Peng Yue were killed in the Han Dynasty? That is not the fault of Liu Bang, the great ancestor of the Han Dynasty." Jingde was afraid of this and has greatly restrained himself since then. Li Shimin was an emperor who immediately came to the world, but he deeply understood the law of governing the country.

As one of the rare prosperous times in Chinese history, the "rule of Zhenguan" appeared under Li Shimin by no accident. Li Shimin's insistence on treating people with sincerity and warning people with courtesy is an important reason why he can win the hearts of his subjects.

Nanwu Master Sakyamuni Buddha. Namo Amitabha. There is no Oriental Glazed Medicine Master Buddha in the south.

Nanwu Guanyin Bodhisattva. Nanwudi Tibetan King Bodhisattva. Nanwukong hides Bodhisattva.

Blessed life is limitless. Yuanshi Tianzun. Lingbao senior. The moral supremacy.

Taiyi saved the bitter god. Confucius, the supreme teacher of Dacheng. Jesus Christ. Mohammed.

All Buddhas and Bodhisattvas of the three generations in ten directions.

All immortals in the three realms and ten directions.

All sages at all times and in all countries.

Don't do any evil, and do all good. Persistence and responsiveness.













(This article is an original article by Zhuge Changqing, and the pictures are selected from the Internet. Welcome to forward it, and please indicate the source for forwarding)

Introduction to Zhuge Changqing: Zhuge Changqing, the inheritor and promoter of traditional Chinese culture, is willing to "learn from sages, promote virtue, revitalize China and benefit the world" together with people with the same ideals in the world.

(Zhuge Changqing: zhuge8031@163.com )

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Zhuge Changqing's Chinese Dream

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Revitalizing China for the benefit of the world










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Selected Articles in Previous Periods

Click the article title to view





1The wisdom of traditional Chinese culture changes the destiny: filial piety to parents+five in one+self-improvement


2Zhuge Changqing's Three Golden Keys to Changing Destiny

2诸葛长青改命运三把金钥匙诸葛长青施食仪轨 (十五步简洁版)

3Zhuge Changqing's Greeting Ritual (15 Steps Concise Version)

3诸葛长青施食仪轨 (十五步简洁版)

4How to repent: the ritual of repentance and the method of repentance (full version)

4   如何忏悔:忏悔仪轨忏悔方法(完整版)

5How to read the Dizang Sutra: Methods for reciting Dizang Sutra (complete version)


6How to release? The ritual of releasing life


7Zhuge Changqing's Repentance Culture: A Case Study of Repentance Methods for Changing Destiny


8Free Life Culture: Free Life Culture in Ancient China


9Shocking photo of feeding: Buddha, Bodhisattva and Dharma Protector come to the scene


10Feeding Rite Return: the return is changed to simple return




That is to say, with this merit and virtue, we should solemnly observe the Buddha's net ten. Report four blessings and save three hardships. Those who wish to see and hear,Know and send Bodhi Heart. To live in a state of bliss

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