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 Heroic culture: Liu Yu in the Southern Song Dynasty swallowed thousands of miles like a tiger

   date:2021-08-27 08:55:06     read:34   


Heroic culture: Liu Yu in the Southern Song Dynasty swallowed thousands of miles like a tiger

The Chinese nation is famous for its heroes.

... Zhuge Changqing

The Chinese nation has produced many heroes.

The Chinese nation is deeply responsible.

Since Fuxi Nuwa founded China, the Chinese nation has had many heroes, such as Yan Emperor, Huang Emperor, Yao Emperor, Shun Emperor, Yu Emperor, King Wu of Zhou, Sun Wu, Sun Bin, Qin Shihuang, Liu Bang, Han Xin, Liu Bei, Guan Yu, Zhang Fei, Zhao Yun, Sun Quan, Huang Gai, Zhou Yu, Tai Shi Ci, Shi Danai, Liu Yu, Li Shimin, Qin Qiong, Yuchi Jingde, Zhao Kuangyin, Yue Fei, Genghis Khan, Kublai, Zhu Yuanzhang, Xu Da, Qi Jiguang, Song Jiang, Wu Song, Lin Chong, Huang Tai Chi, Qianlong, etc

Among many heroes of the Chinese nation, Liu Yu of the Southern Song Dynasty is an outstanding generation of heroes.

Liu Yu, a real hero praised by Xin Qiji.

Zhuge Changqing believes that there are always sages and heroes in the Chinese nation to promote the sustainable development of the Chinese nation.

Liu Yu, Emperor Wu of the Song Dynasty (April 16, 363 to June 26, 422), was named Deyu and was nicknamed Jinu. Suiyuli, Pengcheng County, Pengcheng County, was born in Jingkou, Dantu County, Jinling County. An outstanding politician, reformer, and strategist from the Eastern Jin Dynasty to the Southern and Northern Dynasties in China, and the founding monarch of the Southern Dynasties Liu Song (from July 10, 420 to June 26, 422).

Liu Yu was poor from childhood and later joined the Beifu Army as a general. Since the third year of Long'an (399), the Emperor of Jin'an, he has calmed down the Sunen Uprising internally, eliminated the separatist forces of Huanchu, Xishu, Lu Xun, Liu Yi, Sima Xiuzhi, and so on, making the South a unified situation that has not existed in a century; Exterminate Nanyan, the Later Qin and other countries, subdue Qiu Chi, and use the Moon Array to break the Northern Wei Dynasty's iron cavalry, recover Huaibei, Shandong, Henan, Guanzhong and other places, and recover Luoyang and Chang'an. With great military achievements, he was able to take over the military and political power of the Eastern Jin Dynasty, worship the Xiangguo and Yangzhou herdsmen, and grant the king of Song. Zhuge Changqing thought that Liu Yu experienced hardship, was industrious and thrifty, devoted to the people, and was admirable in his literary and military strategies!

In the first year of Yongchu (420), Liu Yu became independent on behalf of the Jin Dynasty and established the capital of Jiankang with the national name of "Song". During the ruling period, he learned from the lesson of the previous dynasties when the noble families were oppressive and autocratic, strengthened the centralization of power, suppressed the annexation, implemented the land division, rectified the administration of officials, reused the poor, revitalized education, and sent envoys to visit the suffering of the people for many times, lightened the burden of taxes, abolished the harsh laws, improved the social situation, ended the era of patriarchal dictatorship, and laid the political pattern of the "cold people in charge" in the Southern Dynasty.

He made great contributions to the development of the economy in the south of the Yangtze River and the protection and promotion of the Han culture, and created the most extensive period of the six dynasties in the left of the Yangtze River, laying a solid foundation for the "rule of Yuan and Jia". Li Zhi of the Ming Dynasty praised him as the "ruler of settling chaos and promoting prosperity".

In the third year of Yongchu (422), Liu Yu planned to invade the Northern Wei Dynasty. He died of illness at the age of 60. The temple was named Gaozu and the posthumous title was Emperor Wu, and was buried in Chuning Mausoleum. He is the author of a volume of The Art of War Essentials, which has been lost.

In the Song Dynasty, Xin Qiji wrote a famous poem called "Yongyule · Jingkou Beiguting Nostalgia", in which the famous sentence "Jin Ge Tie Ma, Qi swallows thousands of miles like a tiger" was used to praise Liu Yu, Xin Qiji wrote. Zhuge Changqing believes that Xin Qiji can rank first in the list of heroes:

Throughout the ages, heroes have no place to find Sun Zhongmou. The wind is always blown away by the rain. Grass and trees in the setting sun, common alleys, and human slaves once lived. In those days, it was as powerful as a tiger.

Yuanjia Grass, seal Wolf Juxu, and win the hasty Northern Gu. In the forty-three years, I still remember the beacon fire on Yangzhou Road. Can you look back, under the Foci Temple, there is a piece of sacred crow club drum. Who asks: Is Lian quite old and can still eat?

The Book of the Song Dynasty · The Chronicles of Emperor Wu: "Emperor Wu of the Gaozu was taboo, with the character of Deyu and the small character of Jinu. He was born in Suiyuli, Pengcheng County, and the younger brother of Emperor Gaodi of the Han Dynasty, King Chuyuan, also handed over the emperor."

Song Xinqiji's poem "Encounter Joy Forever · Beigu Pavilion at Jingkou Recalls the Past" said: "The grass and trees in the setting sun, the common alleys, and the human slaves once lived."

Wu Shi of the Yuan Dynasty said in the poem "The Horse Stage": "Send slaves to fight for supremacy for thousands of years, climb high and drink wine in the autumn wind."

Zhang Binglin's Theory of Revolutionary Morality said, "It is not far from the obliteration of the snow in the Central Plains to hear the orders of the ancestors and the achievements of the Jinu and Yuanzhang."

For Liu Yu, there are many legends and stories. Zhuge Changqing shared Liu Chunshan's "Liu Yu and Liu Yu" and tried to experience Liu Yu's legend from it.

Liushan, formerly known as Liushan. Located in the southwest of Anqiu, Shandong Province, 25 kilometers away from the urban area and 441.9 meters above sea level, it is the boundary of Hongshagou and Huiqu towns. At first, Liushan had no name. Later, it was named "Liu Shan" after Liu Yu, Emperor Wu of the Southern Song Dynasty.

According to the Annals of Anqiu County, "Liu Mountain is located 25 kilometers southwest of the county seat. It is said that Liu Yu, the great general of the Eastern Jin Dynasty, stationed on this mountain when he attacked Nanyan, so it was named 'Liu Mountain'". Later, it evolved into Liushan.

Previously, there was a temple with three courtyards on the top of Liushan Mountain, named Xiuyun Temple (Liushan Temple). Emperor Wu, the chief god, is known as "Grandpa Liu Shan". Grandpa Liu Shan is Liu Yu, the Emperor Wu of the Southern Song Dynasty.

In 409 AD, when Liu Yu led the army to invade Nanyan, he once stationed in the mountains and later became the founding emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty (420 AD). For this reason, people around Liushan worshipped him as a god and built a temple to commemorate him. Xin Qiji wrote in his poem "Encounter Joy Forever and Remembering the Past at Beigu Pavilion in Jingkou" that "... the setting sun, grass and trees, common alleys, and human slaves once lived. In those days, the golden age, the iron horse, and the gas engulfed thousands of miles like a tiger...", among which the "sending slaves" refers to Liu Yu.

Liu Yu's garrison in the mountains passed through: in March of the lunar calendar in 399 AD, Murong De, the king of Yan, led his troops to capture Guanggu (now northwest of Qingzhou in Shandong Province), and then established the capital. He became the emperor in December of the 400-year lunar calendar. In 405, De died of illness and his nephew Murong Chao succeeded him. In February of the 409 lunar calendar, the super troops invaded the Eastern Jin Dynasty, angered Liu Yu, and Yu Shangshu appealed to the emperor for war. On April 11, Yu led his army northward and went swimming across the Huai River. At the beginning of May, when arriving at Xiapi (today's Suining, Jiangsu Province), the soldiers landed on foot and marched along Langya (today's Jiaonan, Shandong Province) through Dongwu (today's Zhucheng) to point at Guanggu. At that time, the garrison in Liushan took a rest, rewarded the three armies, and made friends with the people.

It is said that when Liu Yu stationed in the mountains, he found the Chinese herbal medicine to treat the inflammation caused by knife wounds. Later generations took "Liu Jinu" as the name of the medicine (the only imperial name of Chinese medicine). On June 12, the Jin army crossed Daxian Mountain and fought with the Yan army south of Linqu. On June 19, the Outer City of Guanggu was captured. On the fifth day of February 410, the whole city was captured, Murong Chao was captured alive, and Yu Jiankang (now Nanjing) was captured and killed. Liu Yu made great contributions to the Eastern Jin Dynasty by fighting against Nanyan, which is also the beginning of his accession to the throne in the future. Lu You said in his poem, "Send slaves to talk and laugh about taking Qin Yan. All fools and wise people know that the Jin Dynasty moved to the top. It is only for the people of Taoyuan to write a biography. It should not be an official in the Xi years."

Liu Yu, with the name of Deyu and the nickname of Jinu. Born in the first year of Xingning in the Eastern Jin Dynasty (363 A.D.), his ancestral home was Pengcheng (now Xuzhou, Jiangsu), and later moved to Jingkou (now Zhenjiang, Jiangsu). Liu Jiao, the 21st grandson of the King of Han and Chu. His father Liu Qiao, his mother died early (brought up by his aunt), and his wife Zhang Shi. When I was young, I was poor and lived by farming, cutting firewood, fishing and selling shoes. In 402, Huanxuan usurped the Jin Group and welcomed the restoration of Sima Dezong, Emperor Andi of the Eastern Jin Dynasty. The official, the general, the third division of the Kaifu Yitong, the governor of Yangzhou, and the recorder of the book, were later promoted to the state of minister, the Duke of Song, and added Jiuxi. In 420 AD, on the ninth day of the sixth month of the lunar calendar, Sima Dewen, Emperor Gong of the Eastern Jin Dynasty, was abolished as Emperor, and the Southern Song Dynasty was established. Dujiankang (now Nanjing, Jiangsu), the year name Yongchu, was established. After Liu Yu became emperor, he took the world as his own responsibility, sympathized with the people, and managed the country thriftily. He was called an enlightened monarch in history. In 422 AD, he died of illness on May 21 of the lunar calendar and died at the age of 60. His temple name was Gaozu, and his posthumous title was Emperor Wu. His tomb was Chuning Mausoleum. The Southern Song Dynasty, also known as the Liu Song Dynasty, is the eighth emperor, Liu Yu, the Wudi, Liu Yifu, the Shaodi, Liu Yilong, the Wendi, Liu Jun, the Xiaowu Emperor, Liu Ziye, the former disused emperor, Liu Yu, the Ming Emperor, Liu Yu, the later disused emperor, and Liu Zhun, the Shundi. In April 479, it was replaced by the Southern Qi Dynasty.

There are many scenic spots in the mountain, such as Wanghai Temple, Qinglong Ridge, Naipeng Mountain, Dashantou, Diaoyutai, Songhangzi, Xianren Cave, Wind Demon Palm, Dove Cliff, Xiannvwang, Niandi Valley and Guoerwuya Cave. Among them, the famous site "Stone Wall Fenzi", with a total length of 4060 meters, is a modern artificial scenic spot with a history of more than 140 years. It is reported that during the reign of Xianfeng in the Qing Dynasty, the Nian army (also known as "Maozi") came to Anqiu for many times to harass. In the late September of the year of Xinyou (1861 AD), the Nian army invaded Liushan. Liu Gongpanshui, a brave man in Heiyuzi Village, Huiqu Town, led a group to fight back bravely. Unfortunately, his head was cut off because he ran out of gunpowder. He was only 38 years old and left six minor children. Warriors such as Duke Liu are very popular in the villages around Liushan. When the old and young people in the neighborhood are helpless, Mr. Li Xiangfen, an official of the Qing Dynasty and a person from Xiapo Village who is on vacation, stepped forward and met with his nephew Li Xin to lead the people to climb Liushan. He led the people to build stone wall enclosures in imitation of the Great Wall built by Emperor Qin Shihuang to defend against the disturbance of the Nian Army. It is gratifying to see that the stone wall enclosure stood firm after it was built, Nian Jun looked but dared not approach. It's a long story. There is a section of "Fangshi Weizi" on the wall of Liushan, which was built by the people of Fangzi District when they went to Liushan to escape from the Nian Army. It can be seen that in those years of war and chaos, Liushan did not know how many people were sheltered. According to the investigation, Liushan is indeed a place that military strategists of all dynasties must contend for.

Liushan has a long history and outstanding people; To stay in the mountains is broad minded and poetic. A stone old man has witnessed the history of the past, nurtured generations of new people, and ushered in a prosperous today. Under the correct leadership of the Party committees and governments at all levels, happy people living in the mountains will unite and work hard to usher in a better tomorrow!































(选自 刘春山 《留山与刘裕》文章)

(This article is an original article by Zhuge Changqing, and the pictures are selected from the Internet. Welcome to forward it, and please indicate the source for forwarding)

Introduction to Zhuge Changqing: Zhuge Changqing, the inheritor and promoter of traditional Chinese culture, is willing to "learn from sages, promote virtue, revitalize China and benefit the world" together with people with the same ideals in the world.

(Zhuge Changqing: zhuge8031@163.com )

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Zhuge Changqing's Chinese Dream

Learn from sages and carry forward virtue

Revitalizing China for the benefit of the world










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振兴中华 造福世界




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1The wisdom of traditional Chinese culture changes the destiny: filial piety to parents+five in one+self-improvement


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