What is the fifth common sense of Buddhism
(The end of lessons 28 to 36)
Lesson 28 Thirty-seven Items (4)
(D) Five roots and five forces
Genli is a metaphor‘ For example, trees can only grow if they have roots‘ For example, the root of a tree is strong, so that it can flourish. Only when two things are united can they blossom and bear fruit. If we can find the root of the Tao, and get the strength, we can get the fruit of the Tao.
（1） Faith in the root, the four truths, the thirty-seven virtues, and so on, are all true. （2） Go deep into the root, work hard for the Tao, and never rest. （3） Niangen, put his heart on the road and don't think about anything. （4） Settle the root, keep the heart in line with the Tao, and don't spread out. （5） Huigen, I can understand the meaning of the four truths. With these five words, Tao Xin has roots.
（1） Faith is not to be seduced by all heresy and not to change for the environment. （2） To advance is to be able to overcome difficulties, break everything and advance bravely. （3） Mindfulness is the ability to break off the distractions at once and not make him continue. （4） Calmness is the inner immobility and the ability to leave the disturbance of the outside world. （5） Wisdom is the ability to break through ignorance and achieve liberation. If we can do this, the five roots will generate strength.
Lesson 29 Thirty-seven Items (5)
(E) Seven Bodhi points
'Bodhi' is the meaning of enlightenment. It is the seven ways to practice without leaking wisdom. It is also called 'Seven Sensation Branches'.
（1） In all matters of 'Dharma awareness', we should use wisdom to observe and understand that it is true and false, without making mistakes.
（2） 'Progressive awareness' The Buddha Dharma must be progressive, and should be able to understand that the unprofitable asceticism should not be done in vain.
（3） 'Happiness' naturally likes the Dharma when it comes to mind. This is called' Dharma Happiness'. To be able to understand that if the law has righteousness, it cannot have righteousness, it must be recognized accurately and cannot be reversed.
（4） The 'de-consciousness' must be eliminated. You should understand that worries and Bodhi are not one or two, and you should not damage Bodhi by mistake. (This is another solution)
（5） All realms of 'giving up' are like dreams and illusions. You should be able to understand that vanity is not real. You have already given up and should not think about it again.
（6） There are many kinds of Zen meditation in the world. You should be able to understand that the Zen in the world is still falling after all. You can't live or die. You can't be greedy.
（7） 'Mindfulness' means observation, like a doctor's diagnosis; The first six sleeps are like medicine. In practice, we should be wise and average. If we are biased, we will be lethargic. We should mention it with choice, progress and joy; If wisdom is biased, it will float. It is time to use division, giving up and determination to be stable.
Lesson 30 Thirty-seven Items (6)
(already) Eighth Zhengdao Fen
"Right" means not deviating from evil, and "Tao" means the method of nirvana. These eight ways are leak-free methods.
（1） The four principles of "right view" have four elements of each view, and they are combined into sixteen elements of view, which is called "no omission view" (very complicated). Only by practicing this view can we get correct opinions.
（2） 'Positive thinking' uses non-leaking wisdom to start thinking, not mind to start delusions. This kind of thinking can prove the truth by breaking doubts.
（3） 'True words' are four kinds of evil deeds that do not say' false words, evil words, two tongues and beautiful words'.
（4） 'Good karma' means not committing three kinds of bad karma: killing, stealing and lusting.
（5） 'Zhengming' monks abstain from five kinds of evil destinies (deceiving the appearance of others, saying merit and virtue, occupying the appearance of good or bad, speaking out loud, and being able to provide for others). They don't do things that annoy or confuse others to make a living.
（6） 'Being positive and progressive' is the way to achieve nirvana, and to practice diligently.
（7） 'Mindfulness' is the right way to prove the mind, and the way to help the whole world.
（8） 'Positive meditation' is to practice meditation in the world, and to stay away from meditation with leakage.
Lesson 31 Twelve Causes
'Cause' is the reason of saying things, and 'cause' is the cause of saying results; This is the origin of the six paths of reincarnation in the three lives of all beings.
（1） 'Ignorance' is the annoyance of human nature from the beginning.
（2） 'Doing' is a good and evil cause created by ignorance. These are two reasons for the past.
（3） 'knowledge' is the past two factors, the divine knowledge mixed into the womb.
（4） 'Name and color' is the fetal body generated by divine knowledge according to the blood of the father, the sperm and the mother.
（5） 'Six in' is the gradual growth of six roots after February and March.
（6） 'Touch' refers to the contact with the outside world at the age of two or three after birth.
（7） "Suffering" means that when you are six or seven years old, you can gradually distinguish between pain and happiness. These are the five fruits of the 'present' world.
（8） 'Love' is a kind of thought that after ten years old, love leaves the pain and accepts the joy according to the feeling of pain and happiness.
（9） 'Taking' is an artificial act that will not give up everything when love develops after adulthood.
（10） 'You' is the thought of love, the creation of which leads to all kinds of karma. These are three reasons for the 'present' world.
（11） 'Life' is the reincarnation of the future according to the current karma.
（12） The sorrow and distress of "old death" means that once you have a rebirth, you can't avoid suffering these sorrows. These are two fruits of the 'future' world.
Lesson 32 Six Degrees
'Du' means that all living beings are in the sea of life and death and want to reach the shore of Nirvana. There are six ways to achieve the goal.
（1） 'Giving' is to distribute your property or something to others. To give a few examples:
1、 Money is used to help the needy. 2、 Laws and statements benefit people. 3、 Fearless, save all living beings from the adversity.
（2） 'Keep the precepts' is something that should be stopped and done. Things are very complicated. To say a little
1、 All the precepts of the law recorder are strictly adhered to, that is, 'Don't do anything evil'. 2、 To take good Dharma is to 'practice all good deeds'. 3、 To take care of all living beings is to 'rescue all living beings'.
（3） 'To endure humiliation' is to endure the persecution of all adversity. To give a few examples, one is to endure the world's grievances and injuries, and the other is to endure emotional insults and injuries. 2、 Anxious people suffer from hunger, thirst, cold and heat.
（4） 'Diligence' is to sharpen the body and mind, and five degrees before and after learning. To give a few examples:
1、 Wearing armor, with great heart, is not afraid of everything, as if wearing armor, not afraid of charge. 2、 Be brave, listen to the things that are difficult to break and the things that are difficult to be able to do. 3、 Do not retreat. Never retreat when encountering any obstacles.
（5） 'Meditation' is to stop the disordered delusions and make him observe in silence. There are many methods that cannot be enumerated. If you don't repair that door, you can't understand it. Here, we have to list the general names of three categories, and we just have a rough idea of him.
1、 Zen in the world. 2、 Zen out of the world. 3、 Go to Zen outside the world.
（6） Prajna is a proven wisdom. To give a few examples:
1、 Reality is separated from all false sexual bodies. 2、 Observation is the true wisdom of observing reality. 3、 Convenience is the power and wisdom to distinguish all laws.
Lesson 33 Sects (1)
Buddhism is divided into various sects. This is because Chinese scholars see that Buddhism is like a sea. In order to facilitate the practice of Buddhism, they have to choose a way to pursue specialization, not to establish a gateway, but one way or another. The naming of each sect is different in terms of land, people and method. Although there are still ten names, in fact, there are several that few people have studied.
（1） The "Chengshizong" (also known as Kongzong), the "Chengshilun" created by Dharma Master Halibamo, is very similar to the academic theory of Mahayana, and its main purpose is to "establish the real meaning of Shudora". It was founded in the era of Yao and Qin, translated by Master Kumarashi.
（2） The meaning of "Ju She Sect" (also known as Youzong), which is translated as "Zang" or "cocoon", is included. India's Mahayana, with many different theories, was later compiled into the Mahavisha Theory; The Bodhisattva of the world, according to the compromise, wrote the theory of giving up, which means' explaining and developing wisdom '. Chen Zhendi and Xuanzang of the Tang Dynasty were founded after they were translated into China.
（3） "Zen" (also known as "Zen") Zen is the abbreviation of "Zen", which translates into "meditation". It was founded by Bodhidharma in the Liang Dynasty. He advocates' not writing, pointing directly at the heart of the people, and becoming a Buddha after seeing the nature '. Maybe Xu Qixiu, after the enlightenment, although he didn't write, this one was mostly about studying Prajna classics.
（4） The 'Law School' (also known as the Nanshan School) is a method of eliminating the 'body, mouth, mind, evil karma' according to the Buddhist system. It was founded by the lawyer of Zhongnan Mountain Road Propaganda in the Tang Dynasty, who wrote the main classics according to the "Four Divisions Law".
（5） The 'Tiantai Sect' (also known as the Fahuazong), a wise master of Mount Tiantai in the Sui Dynasty, took the "Fahuajing" as the fundamental classic, created this sect and invented the wonderful principle of "one mind, three views". There is an accurate system for judging and interpreting the teachings, and each religion also adopts his method.
Lesson 34 Sects (2)
（6） The Xianshouzong (also known as Huayan zong) was founded by Monk Du Shun of the Tang Dynasty, taking Huayan Sutra as the basic classic. When we arrived at the Third Ancestor, Master Xianshou, we added some arrangement, which made us look particularly splendid. It is the profound meaning of this sect to invent the 'One True Dharma Realm'.
（7） The main classics of the 'Compassion School' (also known as the Faxiangzong, or the Wisdom School) are the Lenga, the Interpretation of Deep Secrets and other classics, as well as the Wisdom Theory, which advocates' turning knowledge into wisdom '. It was founded after the translation and promotion of Master Xuanzang of Cien Temple in the Tang Dynasty.
（8） The "Three Theories" (also known as the "Sex School"), the Dragon Tree Bodhisattva created the "Zhonglun" and "Twelve Gates", and the Deva Bodhisattva created the "Hundred Theories". These three kinds of books probably explain the meaning of 'the righteousness of reality in Mahayana and breaking the barriers'. It was founded after Master Yao Qin and Luo Shi translated it.
（9） 'Secret School' (also known as Zhenyan School) is the meaning of 'secret', which is the deepest state of Buddha. It cannot be understood until it reaches the 'waiting consciousness'. The method of taking' three secrets corresponding to each other, that is, becoming a Buddha '. The basic classics are the Vajra Sutra and the Great Sun Sutra, which were founded by Vajra Wisdom and Bukong in the Tang Dynasty. But now the popular religion in China is Tibetan and Mongolian, and the more dividend, yellow and white sects.
（10） The Pure Land Sect (also known as the Lotus Sect) was founded by Master Huiyuan of the Jin Dynasty. Take the three main classics of "Amitabha", "Infinite Life" and "Guanjing" as the main books, and advocate 'four Dharma chanting Buddha, and bring karma to life and bliss'. This method is especially convenient for people at home to practice because of its advantages and disadvantages.
Lesson 35 Sects (3)
The order of these ten sects is in accordance with the "Three Character Sutra of Buddhism", which was played by Wan Lao in the Ming Dynasty. In the Qing Dynasty, the book was re-booked by Master Yinguang, and later deleted and revised by the scholar Yang Renshan. This preface may have some meaning. I guess it with shallow meaning. Try to say the following:
（1） According to Zong Cheng, it is divided into two small and seven big ones. This should naturally be small first and then big, so the reality and everything should be put first, the law clip in the middle, and the rest in the back.
（2） According to the doctrine, Buddhism is the highest method in Buddhism, so it is listed at the beginning of Mahayana. Jingxue is generally divided into three parts, and the method is the most extensive, which is listed last. It is like a car with two wheels. The rest are listed in the middle, like the railings of the public opinion‘ "Yu" has the function of carrying passengers, and "wheel" has the power of running.
（3） According to the practice, the precepts are the foundation of all actions. After knowing Zen and Mingzong, they should be listed in the first place. Learning is valuable for solving problems, and Taiwan's sages and sages are the compass of teaching, which is ranked second, making the Ming Dynasty's religion relevant. After the solution, it is especially important to implement it. Mi Jing is a special method of practice, which is listed at the end of the list so as to know the destination.
The law and purification of these ten sects are both common, that is, regardless of which sect, they must abide by the precepts, and can both practice Buddhism; Because there is no precept, there is no virtue.
Lesson 36 Instructions for Entering the Temple
Buddhist groups attach the most importance to discipline. Those who have received the precepts have learned to be dignified and behave naturally and courteously; Ordinary scholars, how can they understand, can't help provoking ridicule. This is to write a few general rules for reference.
（1） After entering the temple, you should not walk straight in the center. You should walk along your left arm when moving forward and backward. When entering the hall door, the hat and cane must be carried by yourself or placed in another room. Never place them on the Buddha table or the Buddha seat.
（2） The central mat of the Buddha worship hall is used by the temple master. It is not allowed to worship last week. It is better to use the orange mat on both sides, which is divided into male and female. No one shall walk in front of his head when he is worshipping.
（3） If there are classics for public reading in the Sutra Reading Temple, you can sit and read them at will. You must clean your hands first, put them on the table and look flat. You cannot hold them as a roll or put them on your knees. Clothes, hats and other things should not be added to the warp.
（4） When monks meet, they are called masters, or great monks. When you salute him, if he says a salute, you don't have to continue to worship. When people worship the Buddha, meditate, chant, eat, sleep, walk through the sutras, or go to the toilet, they should not worship him.
（5） The bells, drums and fish chimes in the Faqi Temple should not be knocked without permission; Things such as tin sticks, clothes and bowls should not be moved.
（6） After listening to the sutras, take a seat with the worshippers. If you have arrived later and the mage has risen to the throne, you must first salute the Buddha, step back, and then salute the mage. After taking a seat, do not greet acquaintances, do not sit up, cough and talk. If you can't finish listening, but do a one-on-one with the mage, and then quietly quit. Don't wave others to quit.
一、披甲，发了大心，不畏一切，好像穿上铠甲，不怕冲锋。 二、有勇，听到难断的事，难能的事，心不怯懦。 三、不退，遇到任何障碍，决不退转。
(This article is an original article by Zhuge Changqing, and the pictures are selected from the Internet. Welcome to forward it, and please indicate the source for forwarding)
Introduction to Zhuge Changqing: Zhuge Changqing, the inheritor and promoter of traditional Chinese culture, is willing to "learn from sages, promote virtue, revitalize China and benefit the world" together with people with the same ideals in the world.
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Selected Articles in Previous Periods
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1The wisdom of traditional Chinese culture changes the destiny: filial piety to parents+five in one+self-improvement
2Zhuge Changqing's Three Golden Keys to Changing Destiny
3Zhuge Changqing's Greeting Ritual (15 Steps Concise Version)
3 诸葛长青施食仪轨 （十五步简洁版）
4How to repent: the ritual of repentance and the method of repentance (full version)
5How to read the Dizang Sutra: Methods for reciting Dizang Sutra (complete version)
6How to release? The ritual of releasing life
7Zhuge Changqing's Repentance Culture: A Case Study of Repentance Methods for Changing Destiny
8Free Life Culture: Free Life Culture in Ancient China
9Shocking photo of feeding: Buddha, Bodhisattva and Dharma Protector come to the scene
10Feeding Rite Return: the return is changed to simple return