What is one of the common knowledge of Buddhism
(Lesson 1 to Lesson 8)
Lesson 1 Overall
'Buddha' is the abbreviation of the Indian language 'Buddha', which means' sense 'in Chinese characters. This sense is different from the common sense, because most people's sense is illusion; This awareness is the real wisdom that can be proved for all things. Anyone who can prove real wisdom is Buddha.
'Law' is the general name of all kinds of things and principles; Here, it refers to the teachings of the Buddha, which is all the classics in the religion. Because the scripture says all kinds of things and principles, it is called Dharma.
"Sangha" is the abbreviation of "Sangha" in the Indian language, which translates into Chinese as "numerous". There are more than three people. Monk words are also the names of three or more monks. But today, when we meet, it is not impossible for a monk to call him a monk. For example, in the ancient military system, there were 2500 soldiers. If one of them called him a soldier, it would also make sense.
The 'Buddha' is to save all living beings, the 'Dharma' is the tool for the Buddha to save all living beings, and the 'Monk' is the representative of the Buddha's mission.
Lesson 2 Doctrine
The doctrine of Buddhism is based on three things: kindness, compassion and equality; Take the following three things as the practice: "Do nothing evil, do all good, and purify yourself". The first three things are the body, and the last three things are the use.
Giving all happiness to all living beings is called 'kindness'. It is called 'sadness' to save all the sufferings of all living beings. However, the goal of being happy and bitter is not to distinguish between affection and hatred of relatives. Such intention is called 'equality'. Only with equality and compassion can we achieve success!
What is' doing nothing evil '? It means that no matter how big or small, as long as it is harmful to all living beings, it will avoid rabbits. What is' all good deeds'? Everything is small or big. As long as it is beneficial to all living beings, we will work hard. What is' self purification '? Because the minds of all living beings are defiled, and they are constantly deluded to distinguish between themselves and others, so they harm themselves; If we can practice without delusions, the polluted heart will turn into a pure heart, and only by cutting off evil and generating good can we be complete!
Lesson 3 A Brief History of the Teacher
The leader of the religion is Sakyamuni, the prince of King Jingfan of Kapila in Central India, and the mother is Mrs. Moya. The city is on the bank of the Lopoti River, a tributary of the Ganges River. The common name of the prince is Siddhartha. He was born more than 2500 years ago. The old saying is more than 2900 years ago.
The Indian class is very strict, which can be divided into four classes: first, the Brahman presides over religion, second, the Chadili is in charge of politics for the royal family, third, the Veche is a merchant, and fourth, the Sutra is a peasant slave. The prince is the Chadi Lizhong. He married his wife and gave birth to a son named Rahula.
When the prince visited the fields, he saw the farmers working hard, but also saw the insects coming out of the farmland, and the birds pecking at them. Therefore, he knew that life in the animal kingdom was mostly harmful to him, and felt very sad. He also decided to seek relief because he saw the old, the sick and the dead on a trip and felt that life was empty, bitter and impermanent.
At the age of 19, the prince decided to give up his wealth and go out of the house. After six years of hard work in the snowy mountains, he sat under the bodhi tree to prove the Buddha's fruit. He said it for forty-nine years, and then went to Nirvana outside the city of the corpse.
Lesson 4 Gathering of Three Zangs
After the death of the Buddha, the disciples were afraid that the Dharma said by the Buddha would be lost for a long time, and that some people would be mixed with heresy, so there was a gathering organization.
The gathered Dharma is that most monks organize a meeting, push one person to rise to the throne, ask questions, make them answer, and then ask the congregation to prove it is good, and then record it as the Buddhist scripture. However, the gathering is not one time, and each scripture is different. The general situation can be divided into three parts: first, the Seven Leaves Grottoes outside the Wangshe City, the gathering of 500 Arhats, Ananda chanting, Yobali chanting, Fuluna chanting, and Da Kaya as the first, and the name is' the upper part of the boundary '; Before entering the cave, there are still many people, who also organized a gathering, with Grandma as the leader, and the name is "the public department outside the boundary"; This is the collection of small cars. Manjushri and Maitreya, the two Bodhisattvas, ascended Ananda to the throne in Tiewei Mountain, and said the Bodhisattva, the sound and the precepts, which is the combination of Mahayana. The Vajrayana Bodhisattva and Ananda Buddha also recorded the two great sutras of Jin and Tai, which are secret collections.
Lesson Five Seven Disciples
All living beings can learn Buddhism, regardless of whether they become monks or nuns, all are equal in learning Buddhism, because the precepts show little difference. There are five kinds of men and women who become monks: First, monks, men who have received the 250 precepts. 2、 Bichuni, a woman has received five hundred precepts. 3、 Shicha Manani is a system in which Samini learned the six dharma before he wanted to accept the five hundred precepts. 4、 Shami. 5、 Samini, men and women have received ten precepts.
There are two kinds of men and women at home: first, Yobosei; 2、 Youpoyi. That is, men and women have received the five precepts; But those who have not received the five precepts and have received three conversions are also Buddhist disciples.
There are three meanings of 'monk': 'beggar, breaking evil, and fearing evil'‘ Sami 'means' stop evil and do mercy'‘ Shicha Mona means "learning method"‘ The meaning of "being close to and serving the three treasures" is "Yobosei and Yi".
Lesson 6 The World
'World' refers to the past and the present, and 'boundary' refers to the direction, which means time vertically and space horizontally, that is, the meaning of heaven and earth. It also shows that tomorrow's land is originally changeable. The world first took Xumi Mountain as the center, the lowest layer was empty wheel, and the four wheel bodies such as geomantic omen and gold layers up. Gold refers to the solid terrain containing gold.
From the ground up to the half of Xumi Mountain, it is the first layer of sky. To the top of the mountain, there are two layers of heaven, and then four layers of heaven. Because these six layers of heaven have the desire of men and women to eat, they are called "the heaven of desire". Up there are eighteen layers of heaven, which are divided into four Zen, and have only solemn forms and colors, so it is called 'color boundary heaven'. There are still four layers of sky up there, which do not show the appearance of form and color, so it is called 'colorless sky'.
There are four big planets, eight medium planets and tens of thousands of small planets in the four sides of Xumi Mountain. The former name is "continent". There are seven mountains and eight seas in the outer layer, and there is Tiewei Mountain as the outer boundary.
Lesson 7 World Quantity
The total size of the planets surrounded by the two mountains of Xumi and Tiewei, as well as the seven mountains and eight seas, from the empty wheel up to the beginning of Zen in the color world, is called "one world". Taking the horizontal and vertical range of such a world as the standard, we can gather a thousand worlds, up to the two Zen days in the color world, and it is called "Small Thousand World". Then take the scope of the small world as the standard, and gather a thousand small world, up to the three Zen days of the color world, which is called "the middle thousand world". Then, according to the scope of the Middle and Thousand Worlds, we will gather a thousand Middle and Thousand Worlds, up to the four Zen days, and call it the "Great and Thousand Worlds". Therefore, there are small, medium and large thousands in the number, so there are three thousand and large thousands.
There is no more than one such three thousand worlds. These six sentient beings are infinite. However, the world is constantly 'becoming, living, bad and empty', and all living beings are also constantly 'living, living, different and perishing'.
Lesson 8 Inside and outside the boundary
The three realms are originally impermanent, and all living beings inside are bound by all worries, and cannot be free, and continue to live and die. Therefore, the three realms are called 'fire houses', and all living beings are called' mortals'.
There are six types of mortals: one, heaven, two, man, and three, Ashura. These three strong powers are called 'good ways', because they enjoy little happiness even though they are in the fire house; 4、 Animal, five, hungry ghost, six, hell. These three are called "evil ways", but suffering.
In general, all living beings have endless worries, and life and death continue. Driven by karma, this way is dead, and the other way is alive, running back and forth like a wheel. Even if I have a good way, I will enjoy a little happiness, but it is still uncertain for the time being.
If you can get rid of all your troubles, you can break away from the six realms, go beyond the three realms, cut off life and death, and never die, so it is called 'saints outside the realms'. There are four categories: the sound and the sense of fate are the evidence of the small fruit, and the bodhisattva and Buddha are the evidence of the big fruit.
(This article is an original article by Zhuge Changqing, and the pictures are selected from the Internet. Welcome to forward it, and please indicate the source for forwarding)
Introduction to Zhuge Changqing: Zhuge Changqing, the inheritor and promoter of traditional Chinese culture, is willing to "learn from sages, promote virtue, revitalize China and benefit the world" together with people with the same ideals in the world.
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