Zhuge Changqing: What is the meaning of "Yuelu" in Yuelu Academy?
Yuelu Academy, famous all over the world, is admirable for its cultural heritage.
... Zhuge Changqing
Yuelu Academy is famous all over the world.
Yuelu Academy, which conveys the context, is admirable.
Zhuge Changqing studied the traditional Chinese culture and believed that Yuelu Academy's layout, location selection, faculty allocation, teaching mode, and ambition set an example for academies across China and became a model for ancient and modern academies.
Where is Yuelu Academy?
Yuelu Academy is located at the foot of Yuelu Mountain on the west bank of the Xiangjiang River in Hunan Province, Changsha City, a famous historical and cultural city in China.
Yuelu Mountain, located in Yuelu District, Changsha City, Hunan Province, is the tail peak of 72 peaks of Hengshan Mountain in the south, with an altitude of 300.8 meters.
Zhuge Changqing believes that anyone who has visited Changsha, Hunan, will visit the Millennium Academy - "Yuelu Academy".
So what does the word "Yuelu" in Yuelu Academy mean?
Zhuge Changqing believes that:
Yue=a tall mountain. For example, the Five Mountains are the five mountains representing China. The "Yuelu" and "Yuelu" here are the guide Yueheng Mountain.
Lulu=a beautiful forest land suitable for deer living at the foot of the mountain. Generally speaking, the environment is beautiful, birds are singing and flowers are fragrant, deer and cranes are in the same group, and vegetation is luxuriant. Here, Yuelu Academy is described as an elegant landscape and beautiful environment.
Academies=ancient Chinese educational institutions. Most of them refer to academies run by the people supported by the court.
The Yuelu Mountain is connected to the beautiful forest at the foot of Mount Hengshan in the south.
Yuelu Mountain has a unique geographical location. Its mountain range belongs to Nanyue Hengshan. The ancients listed Yuelu Mountain as the last peak of the seventy-two peaks of Nanyue, called Linglu Peak. It is 102 kilometers away from Zhurong Peak, the main peak of Hengshan Mountain in the south.
In the Southern and Northern Dynasties, Liu Song Dynasty, the "Records of the Southern Mountains" recorded that "the southern mountains are eight hundred miles away, with the geese as the head and the foothills as the feet." So it was named Yuelu. According to geological research, Yuelu Mountain was founded in the Paleozoic, formed in the Mesozoic and developed in the Cenozoic, more than 300 million years ago.
There are 977 plant species in Yuelu Mountain, including many ancient and famous trees, such as Luohanpine in the Jin Dynasty, Ginkgo biloba in the Tang Dynasty, Cinnamomum camphora in the Song and Yuan Dynasties, and Maple in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. There are 15 key cultural relics under protection at or above the provincial level in Yuelu Mountain.
Yuelu Mountain is a cultural holy land integrating Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism: at the foot of the mountain is Yuelu Academy, which is listed as one of the four major academies in ancient China; The mountainside is the ancient Lushan Temple, known as "the first scenic spot in the Han and Wei dynasties and the first Taoist temple in Hunan". The top of the mountain is the Yunlu Taoist Palace.
In 2012, Yuelu Mountain · Juzizhou Tourist Area, Changsha City, Hunan Province, to which Yuelu Mountain belongs, was awarded the National AAAAA Tourist Attraction.
Speaking of academies, Zhuge Changqing believed that academies were the place to transmit Chinese culture.
Yuelu Academy is such a treasure of wisdom.
The academy first appeared in the reign of Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty, the Lizheng Academy in Ziwei City, Luoyang, the eastern capital.
The formal education system was founded by Zhu Xi and developed in the Song Dynasty. At that time, wealthy businessmen and scholars raised money by themselves to build school houses in remote areas of mountains and forests, or rent school fields to fill the funds.
In the Song Dynasty, famous academies included Yingtian Academy in Shangqiu, Henan Province, Yuelu Academy in Changsha, Hunan Province, Bailudong Academy in Lushan, Jiangxi Province, and Songyang Academy in Taishi Mountain, Dengfeng, Henan Province. Shigu Academy at Shigu Mountain in Hengyang, Hunan, and Ehu Academy in Shangrao, Jiangxi. Yuexiu Academy was the first academy approved by the Qing government in the 49th year of Kangxi.
(This article refers to relevant materials of Yuelu Academy)
(This article is an original article by Zhuge Changqing, and the pictures are selected from the Internet. Welcome to forward it, and please indicate the source for forwarding)
Introduction to Zhuge Changqing: Zhuge Changqing, the inheritor and promoter of traditional Chinese culture, is willing to "learn from sages, promote virtue, revitalize China and benefit the world" together with people with the same ideals in the world.
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